|This article documents a recent aviation disaster. Information may change rapidly as the event progresses. (July 2014)|
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
9M-MRD, the aircraft involved in the incident, atRome Fiumicino Airport in October 2011
Date 17 July 2014
Summary Presumably shot down by aBuk surface-to-air missile; exact cause is still under investigation
Site Near Hrabove, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine
48°8′17″N 38°38′20″ECoordinates: 48°8′17″N 38°38′20″E
Fatalities 298 (all)
Aircraft type Boeing 777-200ER
Operator Malaysia Airlines
Flight origin Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
Destination Kuala Lumpur International Airport
2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17)[a] was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that crashed on 17 July 2014. The plane is believed to have been shot down with a Buksurface-to-air missile. The Boeing 777-200ER airliner went down near Hrabove in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, about 40 km (25 mi) from the Ukraine–Russia border, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board. The crash occurred in the conflict zone of the ongoing Donbass insurgency, in an area controlled by the Donbass People's Militia.
The two sides in Ukraine's ongoing civil conflict (the Ukrainian government and the pro-Russian separatists) accused each other of shooting down the plane with a missile. A Ukrainian Interior Ministry official, Anton Gerashchenko, said a Buk missile hit the aircraft at an altitude of 10,000 m (33,000 ft). On 19 July, Vitaly Nayda, the chief of the Counter Intelligence Department of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), told a news conference: "We have compelling evidence that this terrorist act was committed with the help of the Russian Federation. We know clearly that the crew of this system were Russian citizens." He cited unverified wiretaps in which separatists expressed satisfaction to Russian intelligence agents that they brought down an aeroplane. The separatists denied that the recorded talks were related to the crash of MH17 and blamed the Ukrainian government for shooting down the plane.
US President Barack Obama, citing US intelligence officials, said the plane was shot down by a missile and that there was "credible evidence" it was fired
With 298 deaths, the crash of MH17 is the deadliest-ever air incident in Ukraine, Boeing 777 hull loss, and airliner shootdown. It is the third-deadliest incident of aviation-related sabotage, behind Air India Flight 182and the September 11 attacks. The crash was Malaysia Airlines' deadliest incident, and its second of the year, after the disappearance of Flight 370 on 8 March en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur.
2 Passengers and crew
6.2 Recovery of casualties
8 Media coverage
9 See also
12 External links
Flight 17 was operated with a Boeing 777-2H6ER,[b] serial number 28411, registration 9M-MRD. The 84th Boeing 777 produced, it first flew on 17 July 1997, exactly 17 years before the incident, and was delivered new to Malaysia Airlines on 29 July 1997.Employing two Rolls-Royce Trent 892 engines and configured to carry 282 passengers (35 business and 248 economy), the aircraft had logged more than 43,000 hours of flight time, including 6,950 cycles, before the crash.
The Boeing 777 entered commercial service on 7 June 1995; as of June 2014, there were approximately 1,200 aircraft in service with some 340 unfilled orders. Aviation experts say the model has one of the best safety records in commercial aircraft. Only four other 777s have suffered a hull loss: British Airways Flight 38 in January 2008; a cockpit fire in a parked EgyptAir 777-200 at Cairo International Airport in 2011; and Asiana Airlines Flight 214 in July 2013, in which three people died. Malaysia Airlines 777, Flight 370(registration 9M-MRO), went missing on 8 March 2014 and was still being searched for at the time of Flight 17's crash.
Passengers and crew
People on board by nationalityNationNumber
nationality Australia[c][d] 27 1[e]
Belgium 4 1[f]
Canada[g] 1 0
Germany 4 0
Indonesia 12 0
Ireland[h] 0 1
Israel[i] 0 1
Italy[j] 0 1
Malaysia[k][l] 43 0
Netherlands[m] 193 0
New Zealand 1 1[n]
Philippines 3 0
Romania[o] 0 1
South Africa[p] 0 1
United Kingdom[q][r] 10 0
United States[s] 0 1
Vietnam[t] 0 3
All 283 passengers and 15 Malaysian crew died. About two-thirds of the passengers were from the Netherlands. Authorities initially said there were 295 people on board, having not accounted for three infants. By 19 July, the airline had officially determined the nationalities of all 298 passengers and crew. The nationalities are noted in the table to the right. The nationalities declared on boarding the flight and released by the airline are noted in the second column. The third column reports the further nationality of passengers, reported in the second column, who had dual citizenship.
Among the passengers were delegates en route to the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, including Joep Lange, a former president of the International AIDS Society, which organized the conference. Also on board were Dutch senator Willem Witteveen, Australian author Liam Davison, and Malaysian actress Shuba Jay.
Twenty entire families were on board the aircraft.
On 3 March 2014, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines "stopped flying over Ukraine airspace ... because of security concerns." Later, in April the International Civil Aviation Organization warned governments that there was "the possible existence of serious risks to the safety of international civil flights" over Ukraine. The US Federal Aviation Administration issued restrictions on flights over Crimea just south of MH17's route, and advised airlines flying over the rest of Ukraine to "exercise extreme caution due to the continuing potential for instability." Aeroflot, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines and others would continue overflying eastern Ukraine until after MH17 was shot down.
Several Ukrainian military aircraft have also been downed. On 14 June a Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft was shot down on approach to Luhansk International Airport, all 49 people on board died. After that incident, on 29 June, Russian news agencies reported that separatists had access to a Buk missile system after taking control of a Ukrainian air defence base A-1402 (possibly the former location of the 156th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (156 zrp), Ukrainian Air Force). On the same day, the Donetsk People's Republic claimed possession of such a system in a since-deleted tweet. On 14 July a Ukrainian military An-26 transport aircraft flying at 21,000 feet (6,400 m) was shot down, allegedly using a Buk missile system. US officials later said evidence suggested the aircraft had been fired on from inside Russian territory. On 16 July another Ukrainian military aircraft, a Sukhoi Su-25 close air support aircraft, was shot down, and Ukrainian government officials accused the Russian military of downing the aircraft with an air-to-air missile fired by a MiG-29 jet in Russia, while a spokesman for Russia's Defence Ministry rejected those accusations as absurd.
On 1 July Ukrainian officials advised pilots not to fly below 26,000 feet (7,900 m) over eastern Ukraine. On 14 July Ukrainian officials increased that limit to 32,000 feet (9,800 m) over eastern Ukraine.
On 15 July, following his visit to Kiev, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Radosław Sikorski warned about the dangers posed by the continued Russian military support for pro-Russian separatists, especially ground-to-air missiles. "These are mobile rockets whose sale is governed by international rules and they are forbidden from being supplied to non-state groups, because that creates the possibility of the proliferation of these kinds of weapons, which creates a danger to civil aviation around the world," he said. On 17 July Russia closed more than a dozen airways at various altitudes. On the same day an unnamed Associated Press journalist saw a Buk launcher in Snizhne, a town in the Donetsk Oblast, approximately 16 kilometres (10 miles) southeast of the crash site. The reporter also saw seven separatist tanks at a filling station near the town. Also, on 17 July, an unconfirmed phone call between Sergei Nikolaevich Petrovskiy (officer of Main Intelligence Directorate of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chief of Igor Girkin) and a militant took place where they discussed where to unload and place a Buk missile system.
Flight 17 departed from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Gate G03 at 12:14 CEST (10:14 UTC). The aircraft was due to arrive at Kuala Lumpur International Airport 11 hours and 45 minutes later at 06:00, 18 JulyMYT (22:00, 17 July UTC).
According to Malaysia Airlines, MH17 filed an IFR flight plan requesting to fly at a cruising altitude of 35,000 feet (11,000 m), but "upon entering Ukrainian airspace, MH17 was instructed by Ukrainian air traffic control to fly at 33,000 feet". The aircraft entered Ukrainian airspace climbing through 32,000 feet, and climbed to 33,000 feet during its transition across the Kiev flight information region.  This was most likely the result of the aircraft undergoing a step climb, with the aircraft not being able to ascend to its filed cruising altitude of FL350 until later on in the flight when it had burned off sufficient fuel; MH17 was not instructed to descend to FL330 from FL350 as initial media reports suggested.
According to the International Air Transport Association, the aircraft was in unrestricted airspace when it lost contact.
Malaysia Airlines released a statement saying "it received notification from Ukrainian ATC that it had lost contact with flight MH17 at 1415 (GMT)[u] at 30 km (19 mi) from [the] TAMAK waypoint (47°51′24″N 39°13′6″E), approximately 50 km (31 mi) from the Russia–Ukraine border" (TAMAK Waypoint is on the Russia–Ukraine border ) and that "According to information provided by Kiev Air Traffic Control, the location of the plane’s emergency locator beacon is 48 degrees 7 minutes and 23 seconds North; and 38 degrees 31 minutes and 33 seconds East."
The plane crashed near the village of Hrabove just north of Torez, a city in eastern Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast, as it was approaching the Russian border. The moment at which a fireball rose due to the impact was supposedly captured on a video clip.
Flightradar24 reported that a Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-200ER (Flight SQ351) and an Air India Boeing 787-8 (Flight AI113) were each about 25 km (16 mi) away from the Malaysian airliner when it disappeared.
Photographs from the site of the crash show scattered pieces of broken fuselage and engine parts, as well as bodies and passports. Some of the wreckage fell close to houses in Hrabove. Dozens of bodies fell into crop fields, some into houses.
On the evening of 17 July, the lifenews.ru portal released the following statement "On July 17 near the village of Rassypnoye over the Torez city in Donetsk region an An-26 transport plane of Ukrainian Air Force was taken down, said the militia. According to them, the plane crashed somewhere near the "Progress" mine, away from residential areas. According to one of the militias, at approximately 17:30 local time an An-26 flew over the city. It was hit by a rocket, there was an explosion and the plane went to the ground, leaving a black smoke. Debris fell from the sky". ITAR-TASS and RIA Novosti had also reported that an An-26 had been shot down by the militia near Torez at around 16:00 local time.
US measurement and signature intelligence satellites of the Space-Based Infrared Systems Directorate and the Defense Support Program registered the heat signature of the launch of the missile, the activation of the missile's radar system while in flight to the target (which emits a unique signal), and the infrared signature of the strike when the missile hit flight MH17. Analysis of the launch plume and trajectory suggested the missile was fired from an area between Torez and Snizhne.
The Infrared Space Systems Directorate, part of the United States intelligence agency theNational Reconnaissance Office, is reported to be the source President Obama used to substantiate his claim regarding the origin of the missile
Off-duty coal miners, along with local police and rescue crews, combed through debris searching for bodies.
As a result of the incident, Ukraine closed all routes in the Eastern Ukraine airspace, at all altitudes. The airspace above Donetsk Oblast had been previously closed by Ukraine on 1 July 2014 below 26,000 feet (7,900 m), and on 14 July 2014 below 32,000 feet (9,800 m). Eurocontrol issued a statement in which it explained that at the time of the crash the MH17 was at Flight Level 330 (33,000 feet or 10,060 metres), so the aircraft was above restricted airspace. A few airlines, such as Qantas, Korean Air Lines, and British Airways, had already been avoiding the area for several months because of security concerns. Airlines including Aeroflot, Transaero, Air France, Turkish Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Lufthansa, and S7 Airlines announced their intention to make flights bypass Ukraine airspace. The routes in Russian air space, where MH17 would have continued had it not crashed, were closed by Russian air control up to 32,000 feet (9,800 m) just a few hours before the crash (but remained open in higher altitudes).
Shortly after the crash, it was announced that Malaysia Airlines would retire flight number MH17 and change the Amsterdam–Kuala Lumpur route to flight number MH19 from 25 July 2014.
On 18 July 2014, shares in Malaysia Airlines had dropped by nearly 16%.
There have been reports that credit and debit cards may have been looted from the bodies of the victims, and the Dutch Banking Association reported that it would take "preventative measures" against possible fraud. There are also accounts of corpses and their possessions being removed and evidence at the crash site being destroyed.
External audio Pro-Russian rebels discuss the shooting down of an aircraft Intercepted phone calls, not independently verified, between rebels discussing which rebel group shot down the aircraft and initial reports it was a civilian aircraft. Audio (in Russian) released bySecurity Service of Ukraine with English subtitles.
On the day of the crash, a meeting was convened of the Trilateral Contact Group (consisting of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Ukrainian national government, and Russia). After they had held a video conference with representatives of insurgents affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic (who control the area where the plane crashed), the rebels promised to "provide safe access and security guarantees" to "the national investigation commission" by co-operating with Ukrainian authorities and OSCE monitors. During the first two days of investigation, the militants prevented the OSCE and other international observers from freely working at the crash site. According to the Ukrainian government, the separatists are destroying all evidence of the crime "with the help of Russia", including moving 38 bodies to Donetsk. Andre Purgin, a leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, declared later that "we will guarantee the safety of international experts on the scene as soon as Kiev concludes a ceasefire agreement".
A Ukrainian-led international investigation will examine why the plane crashed. The United Kingdom is sending six investigators from the Air Accidents Investigation Branch to assist. The UK Foreign Office has sent extra consular staff to Ukraine and the Metropolitan Police is liaising with international partners to send specialist officers to the country to assist with the recovery, identification and repatriation of those who died. Australia has sent a 45-member probe panel headed by former Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, who had earlier supervised the MH 370 probe. A senior US administration official said to ABC News that FBI and NTSB officials are poised to head to Ukraine to advise the investigation.
On 18 July, it was reported that the flight recorder had been recovered by separatists. On the same day, the head of Donetsk Regional State Administration, Kostiantyn Batozky, stated that the two black boxes had been found. Rebels said later that two boxes were moved to Donetsk. According to a phone conversation intercepted by Ukrainian intelligence, the militants were given the task of keeping all evidence, including black boxes, away from anyone else.
On 21 July, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said that he had been told by Alexander Borodai, leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, that the black boxes would be handed over to Malaysian authorities.
Both US and Ukrainian officials propose a surface-to-air missile as the most likely cause of the crash. If this is true, it was most likely fired from a mobile Russian-designed Buk missile system, also known as an SA-11 "Gadfly" missile, as these are the only surface-to-air missile systems in the area capable of reaching the altitude of commercial air traffic.
Recovery of casualties
A Ukraine Foreign Ministry representative said that the bodies found at the crash site will be taken to Kharkiv for identification, a city 270 kilometres (170 mi) to the north. 247 out of 298 bodies had been found as of 20 July.
On 19 July 2014, Andriy Lysenko, the spokesman of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine said that the insurgents removed 38 bodies from the crash site to extract from the bodies exploded parts of the rocket used to shoot the plane and destroy the evidence.
Al Jazeera reported that the separatist Minister of Health had initially confirmed 38 bodies had been moved to the Donetsk morgue, which the minister subsequently recanted. Bodies were observed being moved, placed inhuman remains pouches, and loaded on to lorries.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced his shock about the lack of respect shown to the personal belongings which were reportedly looted. He also initially announced his disgust about the handling of the bodies of the casualties that were reportedly being "dragged around" and "thrown". But he later stated the bodies were handled with more care than originally estimated. On 20 July 2014, Ukrainian emergency workers, observed by armed separatists, began loading the remains of the passengers of MH17 into refrigerated railway wagons for transport and identification.
On 21 July, pro-Russian rebels allowed Dutch investigators to examine the bodies. By this time, 272 bodies had been recovered. Remains left Torez on a train on the evening of 21 July, en route for Kharkiv to be flown to the Netherlands for identification.
On 21 July, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announced that the Malaysian government had reached a tentative agreement to get back the remains of the Malaysians who died in the crash, following any necessary forensic work.
It was reported on 21 July that with 282 bodies and 87 body fragments found, there were still 16 bodies left unrecovered.
Australia – In an address to the parliament, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said that the aircraft was downed by a missile which seems to have been launched by Russian-backed rebels. Moreover, Julie Bishop, the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs said in an interview on an Australian television programme that it was "extraordinary" that her Russian counterparts have refused to speak to her over the shoot-down after the Russian ambassador was summoned to meet her. The Russian government was critical of Abbott's response, branding his comments as "inappropriate" and an "accusation of guilt based on speculation", as Abbott was one of the first world leaders to publicly connect the shoot-down to Russia. Abbott later criticized the recovery efforts as "shambolic", and "more like a garden clean-up than a forensic investigation", while Bishop publicly warned separatist forces against treating the victims' bodies as hostages.
Canada – Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued a statement saying that he was "shocked and saddened" to have learned of the downing of the flight. He also stated that while it was not clear what caused the crash, the Government of Canada continued "to condemn Russia’s military aggression and illegal occupation of Ukraine, which is at the root of the ongoing conflict in the region." Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird has called for a "credible and unimpeded" international investigation into the crash and called for pro-Russian forces to withdraw from the crash site.
Germany – German Chancellor Angela Merkel demanded a swift, independent inquiry.
Indonesia – Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono asked that whoever shot down the aircraft be punished unequivocally, and offered to help with the investigation.
Malaysia – Malaysian Deputy Foreign Minister Hamzah Zainuddin said that the foreign ministry would be working closely with the Russian and Ukrainian governments with regard to the incident. Prime Minister Najib Razak later said that Malaysia was unable to verify the cause of the crash and demanded that the perpetrators be punished. The Malaysian government has declared to fly the country national flag at half-mast from 18 July until 21 July.
Netherlands – Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and King Willem-Alexander voiced their shock at the crash. Minister of Foreign Affairs Frans Timmermans will join the Dutch investigation team sent to Ukraine. Dutch government buildings flew the flag at half-mast on 18 July. Music was cancelled and festivities were toned down during the last, usually festive, day of the Nijmegen Marches. On 21 July Netherlands officially opened war crimes investigation regarding the downing of the aircraft. The country's prosecutor is said to be already located in Ukraine for that purpose. Rutte also threatened tough action against Russia if it would avoid assistance in the investigation.
Romania – Romanian President Traian Băsescu declared himself "appalled" by the tragic event that occurred in Ukraine's airspace and asked for immediate clarification of the circumstances in which the plane crash occurred. He said EU experts should participate in the investigation along with Ukrainian authorities.
Russia – Russian President Vladimir Putin said responsibility for the crash rests with "the country whose airspace the plane was in when it crashed", and that "the disaster wouldn't happen if the military action in south-east of Ukraine was not reenabled". He further said that it was important to refrain from making any hasty conclusions and politicized statements before the end of the investigation. He said that Russia was ready to provide necessary assistance in organizing and carrying out a thorough international inquiry led by ICAO. On 19 July Russian Ministry of Defence announced "10 questions to the Ukrainian government", repeating accusations earlier published in Russian media. Russian citizens brought flowers to the Dutch embassy in Moscow.
South Africa – South African Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Maite Nkoana-Mashabane urged world leaders not to jump to conclusions on the incident. President Jacob Zuma called for independent investigation.
Ukraine – Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko vowed support for a Dutch probe into the crash, which he called an act of terrorism. He offered condolences for the air disaster in a telephone conversation with Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte. Ukrainian citizens brought flowers to the Dutch and Malaysian embassies in Kiev in support.
United Kingdom – The British government requested an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council and called an emergency Cobra meeting after the incident.
United States – US President Barack Obama said the US would help determine the cause. In a press statement, White House spokesman Josh Earnest called for an immediate ceasefire in Ukraine to allow for a full investigation. Vice-President Joe Biden said the plane appeared to have been deliberately shot down, and vowed US assistance for the investigation into the crash. US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power stated that the flight "was likely downed by a surface-to-air missile, an SA-11, operated from a separatist-held location in eastern Ukraine," that the US could not "rule out technical assistance by Russian personnel" in operating the system, and that "Russia must end this war." President Obama later stated that Russia should "pivot away from the strategy they’ve been taking and get serious about trying to resolve hostilities within Ukraine."
Association of Southeast Asian Nations – ASEAN member states strongly condemn the downing of Flight 17 and called for an independent and transparent investigation into the catastrophe. They also conveyed their profound sorrow and condolences to the families of those on board.
Donbass People's Militia – Pro-Russian rebel commander Igor Girkin was quoted as stating that "a significant number of the bodies weren't fresh", although he stated that he could not confirm the information. He followed up by saying "Ukrainian authorities are capable of any baseness"; Girkin also said that blood serum and medications were found in the plane's remnants in large quantities.
European Union – The European Union representatives José Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy released a joint statement calling for immediate and thorough investigation. The EU officials also said that Ukraine has first claim on the plane's black boxes.
International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO declared that it was sending its team of experts to assist the National Bureau of Incidents and Accidents Investigation of Civil Aircraft (NBAAII) of Ukraine, which according to ICAO is the country in charge of the investigation under Article 26 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization – NATO said this incident highlighted the fact that the conflict in that area was becoming more dangerous. NATO Secretary General Anders Rasmussen stated, "I am profoundly shocked and saddened by the crash of a Malaysia Airlines passenger aircraft in Ukraine today, with the loss of many lives." After offering his condolences to those affected, he added, "It is important that a full international investigation should be launched immediately, without any hindrance, to establish the facts and that those who may be responsible are swiftly brought to justice."
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe – Chairperson-in-Office and Swiss President Didier Burkhalter expressed "his sincere condolences to the families of the many victims of the shocking crash of the Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 over Ukrainian territory". He also stated that "the OSCE stands ready to support Ukraine in this difficult rescue operation in every possible way."
United Nations Security Council – The U.N. Security Council held an emergency meeting on Ukraine crisis. A British-drafted statement calling for "a full, thorough and independent international investigation" into what caused the crash and stressing the need for "all parties to grant immediate access by investigators to the crash site to determine the cause of the incident" was discussed.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS – In a press statement, UNAIDS said, inter alia, "It seems that some of the finest academics, health-care workers and activists in the AIDS response may have perished while travelling to take part in the international gathering of experts and advocates...The UNAIDS family is in deep shock. Our hearts go out to the families of all the victims of this tragic crash. The deaths of so many committed people working against HIV will be a great loss for the AIDS response."
Since the crash, memorial services have been held in Australia and the Netherlands, with the Netherlands declaring a national day of mourning. The opening ceremony of the AIDS 2014 conference, of which a number of delegates were on board flight MH17, began with a tribute to the victims of the crash. In Malaysia, makeshift memorials were created in the capital city of Kuala Lampur.
Russian media declared that Ukraine was responsible because of its military actions. Initially, the Kremlin-backed outlet RT (Russia Today) said that the plane was shot down by Ukrainians in a failed assassination attempt on Putin, in a plot which was organized by Ukraine's "Western backers".
Sara Firth, a correspondent with RT, for which she had worked for over the previous five years, quit in protest at the channel's coverage which she described as "shockingly obvious misinformation." RT issued a statement after Firth went public with reasons for her resignation saying, "We were not surprised by Sara Firth's decision to leave RT after five years as a Moscow and London correspondent, as she has recently informed us that she was likely to take an offer from another firm."
On 18 July, The Daily Telegraph, along with other sources, reported that the Russian government had modified or deleted information on Wikipedia pages relating to the MH17 incident, to remove statements that it helped provide the missile system used to shoot down the aircraft. Among the pages that were said to have been edited was the Russian version of an article listing civil aviation incidents, to say that "the plane [Flight MH17] was shot down by Ukrainian soldiers".
Current events portal
List of airliner shootdown incidents
List of aircraft accidents and incidents resulting in at least 50 fatalities
Jump up^ MH is the IATA designator and MAS is the ICAO designator. The flight is also marketed as KLM Flight 4103 (KL4103) through a codeshare agreement.
Jump up^ The aircraft is a Boeing 777-200ER (for Extended Range) model; Boeing assigns a unique customer code for each company that buys one of its aircraft, which is applied as aninfix in the model number at the time the aircraft is built. The code for Malaysia Airlines is "H6", hence "777-2H6ER".
Jump up^ A total of 36 Australians died in the crash, 28 of whom were citizens (including one dual-Dutch citizen and one dual-Irish citizen), 7 who were permanent residents, and 1 who was a New Zealand citizen resident.
Jump up^ Citizens by state and territory:
Western Australia: 7
New South Wales: 1
Australian Capital Territory: 1
Jump up^ Dual Malaysian-Australian citizen boarding with Malaysian passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Belgian citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Canadaian-Romanian citizen.
Jump up^ Dual Australian-Irish citizen boarding with Australian passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Israeli citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Italian citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Including 15 crew members.
Jump up^ Including 1 dual Malaysian-Australian citizen.
Jump up^ Including:
1 dual Dutch-Belgian citizen;
1 dual Dutch-Hong Konger citizen; (who was not a Chinese citizen)
1 dual Dutch-Israeli citizen;
1 dual Dutch-Italian citizen;
1 dual Dutch-United-States citizen; and
3 dual Dutch-Vietnamese citizens.
Jump up^ Dual UK-New Zealand citizen boarding with UK passport.
Jump up^ Dual Canada-Romanian citizen boarding with Canadian passport.
Jump up^ Dual UK-South-African citizen boarding with UK passport.
Jump up^ Including 1 dual UK-South-African citizen
Jump up^ including 1 dual UK-New Zealand citizen
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-United-States citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Vietnamese citizens boarding with Dutch passports.
Jump up^ The time stated by Malaysia Airlines is erroneous; the correct time should be 13:15 (UTC) or 14:15 (WEST).
Jump up^ The source in the NYT article originates from the Ukrainian Council of National Security and Defense.
Jump up^ US confident surface-to-air missile brought down MH17 - Obama. RT. 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Doomed flight likely downed by pro-Russian separatists; at least 1 American aboard, says Obama". Fox News. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b c Shear, Michael D.; Sengupta, Somini; Tavernise, Sabrina (18 July 2014). "Obama Points to Pro-Russia Separatists in Downing of Malaysia Airlines Plane". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Cloud, David S.; Zeitchik, Steven (18 July 2014). "Pro-Russia separatists probably shot down airliner, U.S. intelligence agencies say". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Missile fired at Malaysian plane: US intelligence". CNBC. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Statement Malaysia Airlines MH17". KLM. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Malaysian airliner crashes in E. Ukraine near Russian border, over 280 people on board. RT. 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Vartabedian, Ralph; Hennigan, W.J. (17 July 2014). "High-tech spycraft tracked missile's path to Malaysia Airlines jet".Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b c d e Alexander, Harriet (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines plane crashes on Ukraine-Russia border - live". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 shot down over Ukraine, 298 dead". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Zverev, Anton (17 July 2014). "Malaysian airliner downed in Ukraine war zone, 295 dead". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ de Carbonnel, Alissa (17 July 2014). "Malaysian passenger plane crashes in Ukraine near Russian border -Ifax". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "MH17 Malaysia plane crash in Ukraine: What we know". BBC News. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Leonard, Peter; Chernov, Mstyslav. "Both sides in Ukraine deny shooting down plane". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Polityuk, Pavel; Piper, Elizabeth (19 July 2014). Ireland, Louise, ed. "Ukraine says has "compelling evidence" Russian crew shot down Malaysian plane". Reuters. Archived fromthe original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ракетним комплексом "Бук", який збив Boeing-777 керували росіяни, - СБУ (Missile complex "BUK", that shot Boeing-777 was managed by Russian citizens) - Espreso.tv (leading Ukrainian news agency)". Espreso.tv. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Schofield, Matthew. "Ukraine video claims proof of Russia-supplied anti-aircraft system". Mcclatchydc.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Beczek, Wiktoria (18 July 2014). "'Mamy dwa Buki, będziemy ich strącać', 'Właśnie trafiliśmy samolot'. Zapisy kolejnych rozmów separatystów" (in Polish). Wiadomosci.gazeta.pl. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian plane was shot down by rebels, intercepted phone calls prove, Ukraine's president says". National Post(Associated Press via Postmedia Network). 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Schmitt, Eric; Mabry, Marcus; MacFarquhar, Neil; Herszenhorn, David M. (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Jet Brought Down in Ukraine by Missile, U.S. Officials Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Birnbaum, Michael; Branigin, William; Londoño, Ernesto (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines plane crashes in eastern Ukraine; U.S. intelligence blames missile". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Riva, Alberto (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Not The First Civilian Jet Shot Down By Missile". International Business Times. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Top 5 deadliest attacks on commercial airliners". The Toronto Sun. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Air India Flight 182 bombing". MSN. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "Malaysia Airlines 9M-MRD (Boeing 777 – MSN 28411) | Airfleets aviation". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Leonard, Peter; Chernov, Mstyslav (17 July 2014). "Malaysian plane was shot down by missile, US official says". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "777 Model Orders and Deliveries summary". Boeing. June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "Saturday, July 19, 07:30 PM GMT +0800 Media Statement 7 : MH17 Incident". Malaysia Airlines. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Passenger manifest". Malaysia Airlines. Archived fromthe original on 19 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "Victorian family of five confirmed killed on MH17 as Australian toll rises to 36". The Australian. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Lisa Davies (18 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 shot down over Ukraine near Russian border". The Sydney Morning Herald.
Jump up^ Beau Donelly, Tammy Mills. "Australian victims of MH17 disaster; number of Victorians rises to 10". The Age.
Jump up^ "Australian victims of MH17 disaster". Theage.com.au. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Alamenciak, Tim; Gerster, Jane. "Canadian killed in MH17 crash ambitious, bright medical student from Ajax". Toronto Star (20 July 2014). Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Israeli killed in downed Malaysian plane - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Italian citizen killed in Malaysian Airlines crash". TheLocal.it. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Message by Minister of Foreign Affairs Titus Corlăţean on air crash in east Ukraine". mae.ro.
Jump up^ "Vietnam Asks For Prompt, Transparent Investigation into MH17 Crash". Bernama.com. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 crash: 'Six Britons, 23 US citizens and 80 children' feared dead after Boeing passenger jet 'shot down' near Ukraine-Russia border". The Independent. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Jacquelin Magnay (18 July 2014). "28 Australians among 298 killed on MH17 crash in Ukraine". The Australian.
Jump up^ Walker, Shaun; Branigan, Tania (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 crashes in east Ukraine". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines plane brought down in Ukraine". Big News Network.com. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "MH17 hit by missile from rebel-held Ukraine - Obama".BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Lillebuen, Steve (18 July 2014). "Crash claims top AIDS researchers heading to Melbourne". Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Pearlman, Jonathan (18 July 2014). "Leading HIV researchers lost as flight MH17 is downed in Ukraine".www.telegraph.co.uk (Telegraph Media Group Limited). Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Hogan, Caelainn; Eunjung Cha, Ariana (18 July 2014). "Top AIDS researcher and others in field perished on MH17". Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Senator Witteveen (PvdA) omgekomen bij crash – Binnenland – VK". De Volkskrant. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Victorians among those killed in MH17 crash: Premier".Bendigo Advertiser. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian actress, Dutch hubby and baby die with MH17". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: 20 families gone in one shot." The Star. 21 July 2014. Retrieved on 21 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "MH17 crash: Airlines divert flights from eastern Ukraine". BBC. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Harry Bruinius (18 July 2014). "Malaysia jet tragedy: How do airlines traverse war zones?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Air operators belatedly avoid Ukraine war zone". Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "SIA used same MH17 flight path 75 times in past week, says magazine". The Malaysian Insider. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Donetsk militia takes control of Ukrainian anti-air installation". Voice of Russia. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "Ополченцы ДНР взяли под контроль воинскую часть ПВО с зенитно-ракетными комплексами "Бук"" [DNR militias seized an air defence base with anti-aircraft missile systems "Buk"] (in Russian). ITAR-TASS. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Донецкие ополченцы обзавелись зенитно-ракетными комплексами "Бук"" [Donetsk militias acquired anti-aircraft missile systems "Buk"]. NTV News (in Russian). NTV. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Panda, Ankit (17 July 2014). "Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 Shot Down Over Donetsk, Ukraine". The Diplomat. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Sanchez, Raf (17 July 2014). "Ukrainian separatists suspected of bringing down Malaysia Airlines flight on Russian border". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ополченцы сообщили, из чего сбили украинский Ан-26". Vzglyad. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. "Today the self-defence destroyed An-26 airplane using SAM "9К37М1" (better known as 'Buk')"
^ Jump up to:a b Peter Baker (18 July 2014), U.S. Sees Evidence of Russian Links to Jet’s Downing The New York Times
^ Jump up to:a b "SBU releases more conversations implicating Russia in shooting down Malaysia Airlines flight (VIDEO, TRANSCRIPT)". Kyivpost.com. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ukraine conflict: Russia accused of shooting down jet". London: BBC News. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Russia Rejects 'Absurd' Accusation Over Downed Ukrainian Jet". RFE/RL (Prague: RFE/RL). 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Nicas, Jack; Wall, Robert (17 July 2014). "Height of Ukraine no-fly zone faces scrutiny". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Polish politics: Where is Radek?". The Economist. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Flight was traveling on routes that were closed at lower altitudes The New York Times 18 July 2014
Jump up^ Peter Leonard (17 July 2014). "Ukraine: Air Force Jet Downed by Russian Missile". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Ludovica Iaccino (17 July 2014). "First Photos of Malaysia Airlines MH17 Boeing 777 Crash in Ukraine [GRAPHIC IMAGES]". International Business Times. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Hamzah, Al-Zaquan Amer (18 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines says requested higher flight plan". Reuters. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ FlightRadar24. "FlightRadar24 ADS-B data showing MH17 altitude logs across duration of flight". FlightRadar24. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Tim Hepher; Louise Ireland (17 July 2014). "Malaysian plane downed in Ukraine was in unrestricted airspace: IATA". Reuters. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian Airlines jet downed in Ukraine was in unrestricted airspace: IATA". Reuters. The Economic Times. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "TAMAK Waypoint Information". openNav. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "TAMAK Waypoint Information". openNav. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Media Statement & Information on Flight MH17". 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines crash: video believed to show moment of plane's impact". The Telegraph. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "An Air India Plane was 25 km away when Flight MH17 crashed". news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Nelson, Sara C (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 'Shot Down in Ukraine Near Russian Border'".Huffington Post (United Kingdom). Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Maleisisch passagiersvliegtuig in Oekraïne neergestort" [Malaysian passenger aircraft shot down in Ukraine]. De Telegraaf (in Dutch). 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Cahal Milmo (19 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: No forensic investigators, co-ordination or body bags as Ukraine locals are left to scour gruesome scene". The Independent. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ополченцы сообщили о сбитом Ан-26 на востоке Украины" (in Russian). 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. "On July 17 near the village of Rassypnoye over the Torez city in Donetsk region an An-26 transport plane of Ukrainian Air Force was taken down, said the militia. According to them, the plane crashed somewhere near the "Progress" mine, away from residential areas. According to one of the militias, at approximately 17:30 local time an An-26 flew over the city. It was hit by a rocket, there was an explosion and the plane went to the ground, leaving a black smoke. Debris fell from the sky"
Jump up^ "Donetsk People's Republic militia downs another Ukraine's An-26 plane – eyewitnesses". ITAR-TASS. 17 July 2014. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Транспортный Ан-26 сбит на востоке Украины, заявили очевидцы "Transport An-26 shot down in eastern Ukraine, said eyewitnesses"". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Vartabedian, Ralph; Hennigan, W.J. (17 July 2014). "High-tech spycraft tracked missile's path to Malaysia Airlines jet".Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Gallagher, Sean (19 July 2014). "How US satellites pinpointed source of missile that shot down airliner". Ars Technica.
Jump up^ "Coal Miners Comb Malaysia Airlines MH17 Crash Site in Ukraine". NBC News. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "MH17 – Ukraine". Eurocontrol. 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Tom Whitehead, Nick Collins, Martin Evans (18 July 2014). "MH17 disaster: Flights over war zones 'because it's cheaper". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "ИТАР-ТАСС: Происшествия - Реакция мировых авиакомпаний на крушение Boeing в Донецкой области". Itar-tass.com. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Maps of the Crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17". The New York Times. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Jansen, Bart (18 July 2014). "Malaysia will stop using No. 17 next week". USA Today. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "MH17: Malaysia Airlines retires flight number after Ukraine crash". 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines Shares Tank". Business Insider. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Dutch Banks Respond to Reports of MH17 Victims' Looted Credit Cards". NBC News. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Mendick, Robert; Sawer, Patrick; Ross, Time (19 July 2014)."MH17: Malaysia Airlines crash victims robbed of their dignity by rebels". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Wagner, Meg (18 July 2014). "Heartless looters raid Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 crash site, swipe victims' luggage, personal items". New York Daily News. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Maps of the Crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 - NYTimes.com". The New York Times. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Press statement by the Trilateral Contact Group". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ OSCE Team Denied Full Access To Ukraine Crash Site byRFE/RL
Jump up^ MH17: pro-Russia rebels will allow access to crash site if ceasefire agreed by Guardian
^ Jump up to:a b "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: British Investigators Join Probe in Ukraine Amid Fears of Evidence Tampering". Huffington Post. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "MH370 search coordinator to lead Australia’s MH17 probe Panel". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines Victims Come into Focus as FBI, NTSB Poised to Investigate". ABC News. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines MH17 black boxes reportedly recovered, Russia denies it will take them from rebels | National Post". News.nationalpost.com. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ukrainian rescuers find two black boxes at crash site, but their location is secret – Donetsk authorities". Interfax - Ukraine. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Rebels say have 'items', believed to be black boxes, in Ukraine's Donetsk by Reuters
Jump up^ Russian-backed separatists in possession of flight recorders, seek to hide evidence, intercepted phone calls show by Kyivpost
^ Jump up to:a b "MH17 plane crash: Train with bodies leaves Ukraine station". BBC News. 2014-07-21. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Ensor, Josie (19 July 2014). "MH17: what we know two days after Malaysia Airlines crash over Ukraine". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Associated Press (20 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Missile's lack of radar may have led to 'tragic mistake'". CBC News. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Mortillaro, Nicole. "What is a Buk/SA-11 missile? Could it have shot down MH17?". Global News (18 July 2014). Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Thijssen, Wil (19 July 2014). "De bewijsstukken: Wie schoot MH17 neer?". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Official: 181 bodies found at MH17 crash site". The Hindu. Associated Press. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Терористи вивезли 38 тіл з місця аварії Boeing-777: хочуть виявити уламки ракети, якою збили літак : Новини УНІАН". Unian.ua. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ukraine says rebels blocking crash inquiry". Al Jazeera. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Raw: Crews begin moving bodies at jet crash site". USA Today. AP. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Miller, Nick (19 July 2014). "MH17: 'Unknown groups' use body bags". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Grytsenko, Oksana. "MH17: armed rebels fuel chaos as rotting corpses pile up on the roadside". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Rutte geschokt over 'respectloos gedrag' op rampplek" (in Dutch). Nu.nl. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/31522/Vliegtuigcrash-in-Oekraine/article/detail/3693688/2014/07/21/Rutte-Zorgvuldiger-met-lichamen-omgegaan-dan-werd-gevreesd.dhtml
Jump up^ Sonne, Paul; Alexander Kolyandr, Margaret Coker (20 July 2014). "Bodies Removed From MH17 Crash Site Human Remains Moved to Railcars at Torez Station". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "BBC News - MH17 plane crash: Dutch experts examine bodies". Bbc.com. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Trein met lichamen slachtoffers heeft station verlaten". de Volkskrant. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Marlow, Iain (21 July 2014). "MH17: Malaysia reaches 'behind the scenes' deal to recover bodies". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "Obama calls for Russia 'pivot' on Ukraine as MH17 investigation begins". Al Jazeera America (Al Jazeera). 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Maiden, Samantha (19 July 2014). "MH17: Russia says Tony Abbott 'operating only on speculation' in his tough stance over separatist involvement in plane tragedy".dailytelegraph.com.au. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines MH17: Russia says Tony Abbott's comments blaming separatists are 'unacceptable', Julie Bishop criticises Moscow for lack of talks - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "MH17: Prime Minister Tony Abbott hits out at 'shambolic' recovery effort; Government considers listing outrage as terrorist act; rebels move bodies to refrigerated train - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Statement of the Prime Minister of Canada on the Downing of a Malaysia Airlines Flight". Office of the Prime Minister. Government of Canada. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ The Canadian Press (19 July 2014). "MH17: Baird calls for credible probe into Ukraine plane crash". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Maud van Gaal, Elco van Groningen (17 July 2014). "Malaysian Air Flight 17 May Have U.S., French Citizens". Bloomberg.
Jump up^ "SBY Calls for Action on Downed Malaysia Aircraft, Tells Indonesian Airliners to Avoid Conflict Areas". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia to Work with Russia, Ukrainian Governments on MH17". English.cri.cn. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian PM Demands Swift Justice if Plane Was Shot Down". Reuters. Voice of America. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Yong Yen Nie (18 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Flags to fly at half-mast over next three days, says Najib". Straits Times Asia Report. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Verklaring premier Rutte over crash MH17 | Binnenland" (in Dutch). De Telegraaf. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Statement of His Majesty King Willem-Alexander on Malaysian flight MH17". Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands Embassy in Washington, D.C., United States. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Timmermans mee met onderzoekers naar Oekraïne". ANP(in Dutch). Volkskrant.nl. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Novum (17 July 2014). "Vlaggen overheidsgebouwen halfstok na vliegramp" (in Dutch). Nieuws.nl. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Novum (18 July 2014). "Vierdaagse Nijmegen: muziek geschrapt wegens vliegramp" (in Dutch). nieuws.nl. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ http://news.yahoo.com/netherlands-opens-investigation-airliner-shoot-down-131650202.html
Jump up^ "REACȚIA lui Traian Băsescu în urma TRAGEDIEI AVIATICE". Libertatea (in Romanian). 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Путин: за авиакатастрофу несет ответственность Украина" [Putin: Ukraine responsible for the crash] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. ""Безусловно, государство, над территорией которого это произошло, несет ответственность за эту страшную трагедию", – сказал глава РФ"
^ Jump up to:a b "Joe Biden: Malaysia Airlines flight ‘apparently’ shot down". MSNBC. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane crash in Ukraine LIVE UPDATES". RT. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia MH17 crash: 10 questions Russia wants Ukraine to answer". RT. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Минобороны считает заявления Запада по Boeing продолжением информационной войны против РФ". ITAR-TASS. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Sergei Karpukhin (18 July 2014). "Moscow Mourns Victims of Plane Crash at Dutch Embassy". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Mia Lindeque; Arne Doornebal (18 July 2014). Craig Wynn, ed. "Govt investigating SA linked MH17 victims". Eyewitness News. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "President Zuma sends a message of condolences following MH17 crash" (Press release). Pretoria: Department of International Relations and Cooperation. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines crash: President Poroshenko calls shooting down of Malaysian plane an 'act of terrorism'". The Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Dennis Lynch (17 July 2014). "Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17: Ukrainians Pay Tribute at Dutch Embassy in Kiev". International Business Times. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Julia Kochetova (17 July 2014). "Tributes laid at Kiev's Dutch and Malaysian Embassy after plane crash". Demotix. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Leonard, Peter. "Ukraine: 295 on Malaysia plane shot down over east". Associated Press (The Big Story). Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "MH17 plane crash: David Cameron urges those responsible for downing jet to be 'held to account'". The Telegraph. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Mason, Jeff; Holland, Steve (18 July 2014). "White House urges Ukraine ceasefire for plane probe, Obama talks to Putin". Reuters. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "LIVE BLOG: MH17 crash reaction July 20". Channel NewsAsia. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Rebel leader gives bizarre account of plane crash". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Игорь Стрелков (18 July 2014). "Игорь Стрелков: часть людей из Боинга умерли за несколько суток до катастрофы" [Some of the Boeings passengers died a few days before the crash] (in Russian). RusVesna. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Joint statement by the President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, and the President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, on the crash of the Malaysian airliner in Ukraine". Europa.eu. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian plane MH17 crash investigators face struggle : Asia, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ukraine Requests ICAO Assistance in MH17 Accident Investigation". ICAO. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Netherlands reels as 154 citizens die on board fight MH17". New York Post. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "NATO Secretary General statement on the crash of Malaysia Airlines aircraft". North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "After tragic crash of the Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 in Ukraine, CiO offers condolences and OSCE support". osce.org. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Security Council Calls for Immediate, Credible Investigation into Downing of Civilian Aircraft over Ukraine". Un.org. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "UNAIDS in shock over tragic loss of life". UNAIDS. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Australia mourns MH17 victims at memorial service". ITV News. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17: Netherlands Declares National Day of Mourning For MH17 Victims". International Business Times. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Jahshan, Elias (20 July 2014). "AIDS 2014 opening ceremony tinged with sombre mood". Star Observer. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Leyl, Sharanjit (21 July 2014). "MH17 crash: Malaysians mourn at makeshift memorials". BBC News. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Squires, Nick (18 July 2014). "British journalist working for Russian TV resigns over bias in Ukraine MH17 coverage". Telegraph. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "'Zamach na Putina', 'Ile odszkodowań zapłacą Ukraińcy' i zmiany w Wikipedii. Ofensywa propagandowa Moskwy" ["The attempt on Putin", "How much compensation will pay Ukrainians" and changes in Wikipedia. Moscow's propaganda offensive] (in Polish). Wyborcza.pl. Retrieved 19 July 2014.(subscription required (help)).
Jump up^ "MH17 fallout: Russian reporter Sara Firth quits over Ukraine 'lies'". News.com.au. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Russia Today reporter resigns in protest at MH17 coverage". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Shubber, Khadim. "Russia caught editing Wikipedia entry about MH17". wired.co.uk. Wired. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Saul, Heather (19 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Russian government agencies accused of Wikipedia edit blaming Ukraine military for downing plane". Independent(Independent). Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Sparkes, Matthew (18 July 2014). "Russian government edits Wikipedia on flight MH17". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 orHistory of Donetsk Oblast
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, official updates regarding Flight 17
MH17 Passenger Manifest at Malaysia Airlines (official passenger list)
Malaysia Airlines plane MH17 'shot down' in Ukraine – as it happened, The Guardian
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 playback on Flightradar24
MH17 17 July 2014 on FlightAware
Images and videos from Daily News
Images from RT
MH17 Boeing 777 Plane Crash, Ukraine (Jul 2014) - an album on Flickr