Thursday, July 31, 2014

Several factors led to a risk of collision for an aircraft landing at Toronto's Lester B. Pearson Airport in March 2013

Several factors led to a risk of collision for an aircraft landing at Toronto's Lester B. Pearson Airport in March 2013

Toronto, Ontario, 30 July 2014 – In its investigation report (A13O0045) released today, the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) determined that a number of factors contributed to an unattended maintenance van crossing the active runway while an aircraft was landing at the Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport on 11 March 2013. There were no injuries.

A Sunwing Airlines aircraft maintenance technician was in a van parked near the nose of one of the company’s aircraft. The technician exited the van to perform various duties outside the aircraft and then boarded it to check the cockpit. Meanwhile, the van had rolled to and crossed the active arrival runway as an aircraft prepared to land. Air traffic control noticed a ground radar target as the driverless van crossed the runway, and instructed the Air Canada Embraer 190 to pull up and go around. Despite two calls to go around, the Air Canada flight continued its approach, flew over the van at a height of approximately 35 feet and landed.

The investigation found that the van rolled across the active arrival runway because it was left unattended with the engine running and the drive gear engaged. The first air traffic control instruction to the Embraer’s flight crew to go around was masked by the sound of the ground proximity warning system in the cockpit, and therefore not heard by the flight crew. The second go-around instruction went unnoticed by the flight crew because it was truncated and the crew did not hear the aircraft call sign. Without supporting visual cues, the crew did not interpret the second call as applying to them.

Following the occurrence, the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) issued directives to the Toronto Pearson aviation community reiterating the prohibition against leaving vehicles idling and unsecured on the airside. The GTAA also published and disseminated information on the luminosity requirements for vehicle roof beacons and did spot checks to inspect beacons and require inoperative or inadequate beacons to be repaired or replaced. Sunwing Airlines reported to Transport Canada that it has inspected all of its airside vehicles and ensured that their roof beacons meet specified luminosity standards.

Risk of collisions on runways is a TSB Watchlist issue. Watch the video!

The TSB is an independent agency that investigates marine, pipeline, railway and aviation transportation occurrences. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety. It is not the function of the Board to assign fault or determine civil or criminal liability.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

About ICAO The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency, created in 1944 upon the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

About ICAO

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency, created in 1944 upon the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

ICAO works with the Convention’s 191 Signatory States and global industry and aviation organizations to develop international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) which are then used by States when they develop their legally-binding national civil aviation regulations.

There are currently over 10,000 SARPs reflected in the 19 Annexes to the Chicago Convention which ICAO oversees, and it is through these SARPs and ICAO’s complementary policy, auditing and capacity-building efforts that today’s global air transport network is able to operate over 100,000 daily flights, safely, efficiently and securely in every region of the world.

Annual Reports of the Council
Chicago Convention
Former Presidents of the ICAO Council
Former Secretaries General of the ICAO
Foundation of ICAO
International Civil Aviation Conference
How it works
Making a Standard

Monday, July 28, 2014





Founded 1986
Mediterranean Air Freight
Swiftair Bahrain
Fleet size 40
Headquarters Madrid, Spain

Swiftair Boeing 737-300F at Madrid-Barajas Airport.

Swiftair S.A. is an airline headquartered in Madrid, Spain.[1] It operates scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo flights in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Its main base is Madrid–Barajas Airport.[citation needed]

Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Incidents
2 Fleet
2.1 Aircraft orders
3 References
4 External links


The airline was founded in 1986.[2] It wholly owns subsidiary Mediterranean Air Freight. Currently Swiftair is also a United Nations contractor with one MD-83 based in Khartoum (Sudan) for the United Nations Mission in Sudan.[citation needed]

In October 1993 one of its aircraft was written off when the crew forgot to lower the landing gear as the plane arrived in Madrid.

In May 1995, another aircraft was damaged beyond repair during a botched landing at Vitoria airport in Spain.

In July 1998 two crew were killed when a cargo aircraft crashed en-route to Barcelona when the pilot lost control of the plane.

In January 2012 a plane sustained substantial damage during a botched landing at Kandahar.

On May 10, 2013 a MD83 operated by the company performed scheduled flight VY-3913 from Palma de Mallorca to Madrid for Spanish low-cost airline Vueling. The aircraft suffered an engine problem on take-off but returned safely to Palma de Mallorca.[3]

On July 24, 2014 a MD83 operated by the company performed scheduled flight AH5017 from Ouagadougou to Algiers for Algerian airline Air Algérie. The aircraft disappeared off radar 50 minutes after takeoff.[4]

The Swiftair fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of 24 July 2014):[5]
6 ATR 42
1 ATR 42-300
4 ATR 42-300F
1 ATR 42-300QC
14 ATR 72
4 ATR 72-200 (1 operate by Air Europa)
6 ATR 72-200F
4 ATR 72-500 (2 operate for Antrak Air)
6 Boeing 737-300F (4 aircraft are operated for European Air Transport and one aircraft is operated for TNT Airways)
2 Boeing 737-400
10 Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia (Cargo division)
3 McDonnell Douglas MD-83(4 were suppose to be in the fleet but one crashed on lease to Air Algérie operating as Air Algérie Flight 5017)
Aircraft orders[edit]
Swiftair has selected the Boeing 737-300F (converted freighter) from Bedek Aviation (Israel Aerospace Industries) as the basis of its future European freighter fleet. The first aircraft was delivered in May 2007 on lease from AWAS.[6]

Jump up^ "Contact." Swiftair. Retrieved on 26 January 2011. "Ingeniero Torres Quevedo, 14 | Pol. Ind. “Fin de Semana” Crta. Madrid/Barcelona Km. 13.100 | 28022 - Madrid."
Jump up^ "About us." Swiftair. Retrieved on 26 January 2011.
Jump up^
Jump up^érie_Flight_5017
Jump up^ Swiftair Fleet Details and History
Jump up^ "ATR 72 order for Swiftair". Airliner World. July 2007. p. 6.
External links[edit]

Spain portal
Companies portal
Aviation portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swiftair.

Swiftair Fleet

Friday, July 25, 2014

McDonnell Douglas MD-80 Notable accidents and incidents

As of February 2013, the MD-80 series has been involved in 61 incidents,[26] including 31 hull-loss accidents,[27] with 1,330 fatalities of occupants.[28]
Notable accidents and incidents[edit]
On December 1, 1981, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, an MD-81 (YU-ANA) crashed into Corsica's Mt. San Pietro during a holding pattern for landing at Campo dell'Oro Airport, Ajaccio, France. All 180 passengers and crew were killed. This was the first-ever fatal incident involving the MD-80 series in non-U.S. service.
On August 16, 1987, Northwest Airlines Flight 255, an MD-82 crashed shortly after takeoff from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport due to flight crew's failure to use the taxi checklist to ensure the flaps and slats were extended for takeoff according to theNTSB. All crew and passengers were killed with the exception of a 4-year-old girl, Cecelia Cichan.[29]
On December 27, 1991, SAS Flight 751, an MD-81 OY-KHO "Dana Viking" crash-landed at Gottröra, Sweden. In the initial climb, both engines ingested ice broken loose from the wings (which had not been properly de-iced before departure). The ice damaged the compressor blades causing compressor stall. The stall further caused repeated engine surges that finally destroyed both engines, leaving the aircraft with no propulsion. The aircraft landed in a snowy field and broke in three parts. No fire occurred and all aboard survived.
On July 6, 1996, Delta Air Lines Flight 1288, an MD-88 attempting to take off from Pensacola Regional Airport experienced an uncontained, catastrophic turbine engine failure that caused debris from the front compressor hub of the number one left engine to penetrate the left aft fuselage. The impact left two passengers dead and two severely injured; all were from the same family. The pilot aborted takeoff and the airplane stopped on the runway.
On June 1, 1999, American Airlines Flight 1420, an MD-82 attempting to land in severe weather conditions at Little Rock Airport overshot the runway and crashed into the banks of the Arkansas River. Eleven people, including the captain, died.
On January 31, 2000, Alaska Airlines Flight 261, an MD-83, crashed in the Pacific Ocean, due to loss of horizontal stabilizer control.[30] All 88 passengers and crew on board were killed. Following the crash, an Acme nut and jackscrew recovered from the aircraft were found to be excessively worn[31] and found to be the cause of the crash due to inadequate maintenance. The FAA ordered airlines to inspect and lubricate the jackscrew more frequently.[32]
On October 8, 2001, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 686, a MD-87 SE-DMA collided with a small Cessna jet during take-off at Linate Airport, Milan, Italy. The Linate Airport disaster left 118 people dead. The cause of the accident was a misunderstanding between air traffic controllers and the Cessna jet, and the SAS crew had no role in causing the accident. Also the ground movement radar was inoperative at the time of the accident.
On May 7, 2002, China Northern Airlines Flight 6136, an MD-82, from Beijing to Dalian, crashed into Bohai Bay near Dalian, after the pilot reported "fire on board". All 112 people on board were killed. Investigators determined that the fire had been set by a suicidal passenger.
On November 30, 2004, Lion Air Flight 538, an MD-82 crashed on landing at Adi Sumarmo Airport in Surakarta, Indonesia, and overran the end of the runway, causing of the deaths of 25 passengers and crew.
On August 16, 2005, West Caribbean Airways Flight 708, an MD-82 crashed in a mountainous region in northwest Venezuela killing all 152 passengers and eight crew.[33]
On March 4, 2006, Lion Air Flight 8987, an MD-82, after landing at Juanda International Airport, applied reverse thrust although the reversers were stated to be out of order. This caused the aircraft to veer to the right and skid off the runway coming to rest 7,000 ft (2,100 m) from the approach end of Runway 10. No one was killed, but the aircraft sustained $3 million in damage.[34]
On March 16, 2007, a Kish Air MD-82, registration LZ-LDD leased from Bulgarian Air Charter was damaged beyond repair in a hard landing accident in Kish, Iran. There were no fatalities.
On September 16, 2007, One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269, an MD-82 crashed at the side of the runway and exploded after an apparent attempt to execute a go-around in bad weather at Phuket International Airport in Phuket, Thailand. Eighty-nine of the 130 passengers and crew on board were killed.[35][36]
On November 30, 2007, Atlasjet Flight 4203, an MD-83 crashed in the southwestern province of Isparta, Turkey, killing all 57 passengers and 7 crew.[37] The cause of the crash was attributed to pilot spatial disorientation.
Between March 26 and March 27, 2008 and then again between April 8 and April 12, 2008, an FAA safety audit of American Airlines forced the airline to ground its entire fleet of MD-80 series aircraft (approximately 300), to inspect the aircraft's hydraulic wiring. American was forced to cancel nearly 2,500 flights in March and over 3,200 in April.[38] In addition, Delta Air Lines inspected its own MD-80 fleet to ensure its 117 MD-80s were also operating within regulation. This prompted Delta to cancel 275 flights.[39]
On August 20, 2008, Spanair Flight 5022, an MD-82 registration EC-HFP, from Madrid's Barajas Airport crashed shortly after takeoff on a flight to Las Palmas de Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. The MD-82 had 162 passengers and ten crew on board, of whom 18 survived. The crash was caused by attempting to take off with the flaps and slats retracted. The flight crew omitted the "set flaps and slats" item in both the After Start checklist and the Takeoff Imminent checklist.[40]
On November 19, 2009, Compagnie Africaine d'Aviation Flight 3711, MD-82 9Q-CAB, overran the runway on landing at Goma International Airport, and suffered substantial damage. The overrun area was contaminated by solidified lava.[41]
On June 21, 2010, Hewa Bora Airways Flight 601, MD-82 9Q-COQ, burst a tire on take-off from N'djili Airport, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Hydraulic systems and port engine were damaged and the nose gear did not lower when the aircraft returned to N'djili. All 110 people on board escaped uninjured. The airline blamed the state of the runway for the accident, but investigators found no fault with the runway.[42]
On January 24, 2012, Swiftair Flight 94, MD-83 registration EC-JJS, suffered a wingtip strike while landing at Kandahar Airport, Afghanistan. Although there were no injuries among the 92 passengers and crew on board, the starboard wing sustained a broken main spar and the aircraft was damaged beyond economic repair. It was consequently scrapped at Kandahar.[43]
On June 3, 2012, Dana Air Flight 992, an MD-83 registration 5N-RAM, crashed into a two-story building in Lagos, Nigeria, caused by engine failure. All 153 passengers and crew on board were killed, as well as 10 on the ground.[44][45][46][47]
On July 24, 2014, Air Algérie Flight 5017, a scheduled flight from Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, to Algiers, Algeria operated by a MD-83 leased from Swiftair, with 110 passengers and 6 crew on board crashed near Gao, Mali after violent storms in the area.[48]

Thursday, July 24, 2014

McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Notable accidents

Notable accidents
On October 1, 1966, West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashed with eighteen fatalities and no survivors. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.[26]
On March 9, 1967, TWA Flight 553 fell to earth in a field in Concord Township, near Urbana, Ohio, following a mid-air collision with a Beechcraft Baron, an accident that triggered substantial changes in air traffic control procedures.[27] All 25 people on board the DC-9 were killed.
On March 16, 1969, Viasa Flight 742, a DC-9-32, crashed into the La Trinidad neighborhood of Maracaibo during a failed take-off. All 84 people on board the aircraft, as well as 71 people on the ground, were killed. With 155 dead in all, this was the deadliest crash involving a member of the original DC-9 family, as well as the worst crash in aviation history at the time it took place.[28]
On June 27, 1969, Douglas DC-9-31 N906H of Hawaiian Airlines collided on the ground with Vickers Viscount N7410 of Aloha Airlines at Honolulu International Airport. The Viscount was damaged beyond repair.[29]
On September 9, 1969, Allegheny Airlines Flight 853, a DC-9-30, collided in mid-air with a Piper PA-28 Cherokee near Fairland, Indiana. The DC-9 carried 78 passengers and 4 crew members, the Piper one pilot. The occupants of both aircraft were killed in the accident and the aircraft were destroyed.[30][31]
On February 15, 1970, a Dominicana de Aviación DC-9 crashed after taking off from Santo Domingo, in what is known as the Dominicana DC-9 air disaster. The crash, possibly caused by contaminated fuel, killed all 102 passengers and crew, including champion boxer Teo Cruz.[32][33]
On May 2, 1970, an Overseas National Airways DC-9, wet-leased to ALM Dutch Antilles Airlines and operating as ALM Flight 980, ditched in the Caribbean Sea on a flight from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport to Princess Juliana International Airport on Saint Maarten. After three landing attempts in poor weather at Saint Maarten, the pilots began to divert to their alternate of Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands but ran out of fuel 30 mi (48 km) short of the island. After about 10 minutes, the aircraft sank in 5,000 ft (1524 m) of water and was never recovered. 40 people survived the ditching, 23 perished.[34]
On November 14, 1970, Southern Airways Flight 932, a DC-9, crashed into a hill near Tri-State Airport in Huntington, West Virginia. All 75 on board were killed (including 37 members of the Marshall University Thundering Herd football team, eight members of the coaching staff, 25 boosters, and others).
On June 6, 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, midair collision between commercial DC-9 and a U.S. Marine Corp jet. All 49 people on board the DC-9 died; one of two pilots from the F-4E Phantom ejected and survived.
On January 21, 1972, a Turkish Airlines DC-9-32 TC-JAC diverted to Adana, Turkey after pressurization problems. The aircraft hit the ground downwind on the 2nd approach and caught fire. There were only one fatality.[citation needed]
On January 26, 1972, JAT Flight 367, in flight from Copenhagen to Belgrade, DC-9-32 registration YU-AHT, was destroyed in flight by a bomb placed on board. The sole survivor was a flight attendant, Vesna Vulović, who holds the record for the world's longest fall without a parachute when she fell some 33,000 ft (10,000 m) inside the tail section of the airplane and survived.
On November 10–11, 1972, Southern Airways Flight 49 was hijacked while departing Birmingham, Alabama's airport by three armed men. The hijackers then proceeded to fly the passengers and crew to multiple locations in the United States, Canada, and Cuba, including Chattanooga, Tennessee, where the less-than-demanded ransom money was delivered, the now-defunct McCoy Air Force Base in Orlando, Florida, where the FBI shot out two of the DC-9's four main landing wheels, and Havana, where the 30 hours and 4,000 miles (6,400 km) odyssey came to an end with no fatalities or injuries between the passengers and crew members. This incident is notable for being the first hijacking in which an aircraft left Cuba with the hijackers on board.[35]
On December 20, 1972, North Central Airlines Flight 575, DC-9-31 registration N954N, collided during its takeoff roll with Delta Air Lines Flight 954, a Convair CV-880 that was taxiing across the same runway at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois, in what is known as the 1972 Chicago-O'Hare runway collision. The DC-9 was destroyed, killing 10 and injuring 15 of the 45 people on board; two people among the 93 aboard the Convair 880 suffered minor injuries.[36]
On July 31, 1973, Delta Air Lines Flight 723, DC-9-31 registration N975NE, crashed into a seawall at Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts, killing all 83 passengers and 6 crew members on board. One of the passengers initially survived the accident but later died in a hospital.
On September 11, 1974, Eastern Air Lines Flight 212, a DC-9-30 crashed just short of the runway at Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 71 out of the 82 occupants.
On October 30, 1975, an Inex-Adria Aviopromet DC-9-32 hit high ground during an approach in fog near Prague-Suchdol, Czechoslovakia. 75 people were killed.[37]
On September 10, 1976, an Inex-Adria Aviopromet DC-9-31 collided with a British Airways Trident over the Croatian town of Vrbovec, killing all 176 people aboard both aircraft and another person on the ground, in what is known as the 1976 Zagreb mid-air collision.
On April 4, 1977, Southern Airways Flight 242, a DC-9-31, lost engine power in a storm then crash landed onto a highway in New Hope, Georgia, US, striking road side buildings. The crash and fire resulted in the death of both flight crew and 61 passengers. Nine people on the ground also died. Both flight attendants and 20 passengers survived.[38][39]
On June 26, 1978, Air Canada Flight 189, a DC-9 overran the runway in Toronto after a blown tire aborted the takeoff. Two of the 107 passengers and crew were killed.[40]
On September 14, 1979, Aero Trasporti Italiani Flight 12, a DC-9-32 crashed in the mountains near Cagliari, Italy while approaching Cagliari-Elmas Airport. All 27 passengers and 4 crew members died in the crash and ensuing fire.[41]

On June 27, 1980, Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870, a DC-9-15 suffered an in-flight explosion and crashed into the sea near the Italian island of Ustica. All 81 passeners and crew on board were killed. Italian prosecutors and the Parliament Commissions came to the conclusion that the DC-9 was mistakenly identified by French, US and Italian fighters as an executive jet believed to be carrying Libyan leader M. Qaddafi and shot down.[42][43][44]
On July 27, 1981, Aeroméxico Flight 230, a DC-9 ran off the runway in Chihuahua. Bad weather and pilot error were blamed.
On June 2, 1983, Air Canada Flight 797, a DC-9 experienced an electrical fire in the aft lavatory during flight, resulting in an emergency landing at Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport. During evacuation, the sudden influx of oxygen caused a flash fire throughout the cabin, resulting in the deaths of 23 of the 41 passengers, including Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers. All five crew members survived.
On December 7, 1983, the Madrid Runway Disaster took place where a departing Iberia Boeing 727 struck an Aviaco Douglas DC-9 causing the death of 93 passengers and crew. All 42 passengers and crew on board the DC-9 were killed.
On August 31, 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498 collided in mid-air with a Piper Cherokee over the city of Cerritos, California, then crashed into the city, killing all 67 aboard the aircraft, 15 people on the ground, and all 3 in the small plane.
On April 4, 1987, Garuda Indonesia Flight 035, a DC-9-32, hit a pylon and crashed on approach to Polonia International Airport in bad weather with 24 fatalities.[45]
On December 3, 1990, Northwest Airlines Flight 1482, a DC-9-14, went on the wrong taxiway in dense fog at Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Michigan (DTW). It entered the active runway instead of taxiway instructed by air traffic controllers. It collided with a departing Northwest Boeing 727. Nine people were killed.[46][47]
On April 18, 1993, Japan Air System Flight 451, a DC-9-41 JA8448 crashed while landing at Hanamaki Airport in Japan. There were 19 injuries, all of them 77 passengers and crew survived. The aircraft was written off.[48]
On June 21, 1993, Garuda Indonesia Flight 630, a DC-9-32 PK-GNT landed heavily on runway 09 (forces of 5g) and taxied safely to apron at Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Major structural damage was discovered there. The aircraft was high on approach, which was overcorrected, causing the aircraft coming too low. Thrust was increased and the DC-9 then struck the runway in a nose up attitude. No deaths.
On July 2, 1994, USAir Flight 1016, a DC-9-31 N954VJ crashed in Charlotte, North Carolina while performing a go-around because of heavy storms and wind shear at the approach of runway 18R. There were 37 fatalities and 15 injured among the passengers and crew. Although the airplane came to rest in a residential area with the tail section striking a house, there were no fatalities or injuries on the ground.
On May 11, 1996, ValuJet Flight 592, a DC-9-32 N904VJ crashed in the Florida Everglades due to a fire caused by the activation of chemical oxygen generators illegally stored in the hold. The fire damaged the plane's electrical system and eventually overcame the crew, resulting in the deaths of 110 people.
On October 10, 1997, Austral Flight 2553, a DC-9-32 registration LV-WEG, en route from Posadas to Buenos Aires, crashed near Fray Bentos, Uruguay, killing all 69 passengers and 5 crew on board.[49]
On February 2, 1998, Cebu Pacific Flight 387, a DC-9-32 RP-C1507 crashed on the slopes of Mount Sumagaya in Misamis Oriental, Philippines, killing all 104 passengers and crew on board. Aviation investigators deemed the incident to be caused by pilot error when the plane made a non-regular stopover to Tacloban.
On November 9, 1999, TAESA Flight 725 crashed a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan Airport en route to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.[50]
On October 6, 2000, Aeroméxico Flight 250, a DC-9-31 en route from Mexico City to Reynosa, Mexico, could not stop at end of runway and crashed into houses and fell into a small canal. Four people on the ground were killed. None of 83 passengers and 5 crew members were killed. The DC-9 was heavily damaged and classified as a loss. The runway had seen heavy rainfall as a result of Hurricane Keith.[51]
On April 15, 2008, a Hewa Bora Airways DC-9 crashed into a residential neighborhood, in the Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo,[52] resulting in the deaths of at least 44 people,[53] in what is known as the 2008 Goma DC-9 crash.
On July 6, 2008, USA Jet Airlines Flight 199, a DC-9-15F, crashed after taking off from Shreveport, LA airport bound for Saltillo, Mexico. The captain died and first officer were seriously injured.[54] The accident investigation results have not yet been released.[citation needed]

Air Algerie Flight AH5017 wreckage spotted in northeastern Mali, president says 5 Canadians among 116 aboard plane that is presumed to have crashed

Air Algerie Flight AH5017 wreckage spotted in northeastern Mali, president says5 Canadians among 116 aboard plane that is presumed to have crashed

Airline safety: Is it safer to fly, drive or take the train?
Airline safety: Flight MH17 downing hurts perception of air travel
Gaza conflict: Air Canada resumes Tel Aviv flights as FAA ban lifted

The wreckage of an Air Algerie flight with 116 people on board, including five Canadians, has been spotted between two northeastern Mali towns, according to the country's president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.

"I have just been informed that the wreckage has been found between Aguelhok and Kidal," Keita said during a meeting of political, religious and civil society leaders in Bamako, according to Reuters. He did not give any more details.

The plane was on its way from Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, to the Algerian capital Algiers when it disappeared from radar and lost contact with air traffic controllers early morning local time on Thursday.

Prior to Keita's announcement, Radio France internationale, the international service of Radio France, reported that the wreckage had been spotted north of the community of Aguelhok in the region of Kidal in northeastern Mali.

RFI reported that residents in the region heard loud explosions early Thursday morning and alerted the armed forces present in the region.
'Believe the plane crashed'

"Everything allows us to believe this plane crashed in Mali," French President Francois Hollande said in a statement after an emergency meeting in Paris with senior officials, adding the crew changed its flight path because of "particularly difficult weather conditions."

Air navigation services lost track of the MD-83 about 50 minutes after takeoff, at 9:55 p.m. ET Wednesday, the official Algerian news agency APS said

French fighter jets were among the aircraft scouring the rugged northern Mali region for signs of the plane.

The flight was being operated by Spanish airline Swiftair, the company said in a statement. The Spanish pilots' union said the plane belonged toSwiftair.
Is it safer to fly, drive or take the train?
Airline safety: Flight MH17 downing hurts perception of air travel

The plane sent its last message around 9:30 p.m. ET asking Niger air control to change its route because of heavy rains in the area, Burkina Faso Transport Minister Jean Bertin Ouedraogo said.

Lynne Yelich, Canada's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, tweeted that the government is aware of the reports of Canadians on board and that they are seeking more information, but that consular officials are ready to provide assistance.

"Our thoughts and prayers are with the families of all those on board AirAlgerie Flight AAH 5017," said one of the tweets.

French Transport Minister Frederic Cuvillier said the Air Algerie flight vanished over northern Mali. He spoke Thursday from a crisis centre set up in the French Foreign Ministry. Cuvillier didn't specify exactly where the plane disappeared over Mali, or whether it was in an area controlled by rebels.

But Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal said on Algerian state television that 10 minutes before disappearing, it was in contact with air traffic controllers in Gao, a city essentially under the control of the Malian government, though it has seen lingering separatist violence.

The six crew members are Spanish, according to the Spanish pilots' union, and the passengers aboard the jet include:
51 French.
27 Burkina Faso nationals,
Eight Lebanese.
Six Algerians.
Five Canadians.
Four Germans.
Two Luxemburg nationals.
One Swiss, one Belgian, one Egyptian, one Ukrainian, one Nigerian, one Cameroonian and one Malian.
Plane missing for hours

The plane had been missing for hours before the news was made public. It wasn't immediately clear why airline or government officials didn't make it public earlier.

Northern Mali fell under control of ethnic Tuareg separatists and then al-Qaeda-linked Islamic extremists following a military coup in 2012. A French-led intervention last year scattered the extremists, but theTuaregs have pushed back against the authority of the Bamako-based government.

A senior French official said it seems unlikely that fighters in Mali had the kind of weaponry that could shoot down a plane.

Swiftair, a private Spanish airline, said the plane was carrying 110 passengers and six crew, and left Burkina Faso for Algiers at 9:17 p.m. ET Wednesday, but had not arrived at the scheduled time of 1:10 a.m. ET Thursday.

Swiftair said it has not been possible to make contact with the plane and was trying to ascertain what had happened. It said the crew included two pilots and four cabin staff.

"In keeping with procedures, Air Algerie has launched its emergency plan," APS quoted the airline as saying.

The MD-83 is part of a series of jets built since the early 1980s by McDonnell Douglas, a U.S. plane maker now owned by Boeing Co. The MD-80s were the workhorse of domestic air travel in the U.S. and are used for a flights of a few hours over land elsewhere.

The report that five Canadians were on the Air Algerie flight comes a week after a Canadian – Andrei Anghel, 24, from Ajax, Ont. – was among the nearly 300 who perished when a Malaysian passenger plane was shot down over Eastern Ukraine in an area controlled by pro-Russian rebels.
Gathering at airport

Said Chitour, an Algiers-based freelance reporter, said some of the passengers’ loved ones have gathered at the airport there to await any news.

The search for the plane will be difficult, Chitour said, as it was set to cross a large swath of the desert.

“It’s a very tough area where there’s nothing … it’s the middle of nowhere, really,” Chitour told CBC News Network.


An earlier version of this story based on Reuters information identified the missing jet as an Airbus A320. It is, in fact, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83.

Monday, July 21, 2014

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17- 2014 07-21.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
9M-MRD, the aircraft involved in the incident, atRome Fiumicino Airport in October 2011
Incident summary
Date 17 July 2014
Summary Presumably shot down by aBuk surface-to-air missile;[1][2][3][4] exact cause is still under investigation[5]
Site Near Hrabove, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine
48°8′17″N 38°38′20″ECoordinates: 48°8′17″N 38°38′20″E
Passengers 283
Crew 15
Fatalities 298 (all)
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Boeing 777-200ER
Operator Malaysia Airlines
Registration 9M-MRD
Flight origin Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
Destination Kuala Lumpur International Airport


2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17)[a] was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that crashed on 17 July 2014.[7] The plane is believed to have been shot down with a Buksurface-to-air missile.[8] The Boeing 777-200ER airliner went down near Hrabove in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, about 40 km (25 mi) from the Ukraine–Russia border,[9] killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board.[10][11][12] The crash occurred in the conflict zone of the ongoing Donbass insurgency, in an area controlled by the Donbass People's Militia.

The two sides in Ukraine's ongoing civil conflict (the Ukrainian government and the pro-Russian separatists) accused each other of shooting down the plane with a missile.[13][14] A Ukrainian Interior Ministry official, Anton Gerashchenko, said a Buk missile hit the aircraft at an altitude of 10,000 m (33,000 ft).[11] On 19 July, Vitaly Nayda, the chief of the Counter Intelligence Department of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), told a news conference: "We have compelling evidence that this terrorist act was committed with the help of the Russian Federation. We know clearly that the crew of this system were Russian citizens."[9][15][16][17] He cited unverified wiretaps in which separatists expressed satisfaction to Russian intelligence agents that they brought down an aeroplane.[18] The separatists denied that the recorded talks were related to the crash of MH17 and blamed the Ukrainian government for shooting down the plane.[13][14][19]

US President Barack Obama, citing US intelligence officials, said the plane was shot down by a missile and that there was "credible evidence" it was fired

With 298 deaths, the crash of MH17 is the deadliest-ever air incident in Ukraine, Boeing 777 hull loss,[22] and airliner shootdown.[23] It is the third-deadliest incident of aviation-related sabotage, behind Air India Flight 182and the September 11 attacks.[24] The crash was Malaysia Airlines' deadliest incident, and its second of the year, after the disappearance of Flight 370 on 8 March en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur.

Contents [hide]
1 Aircraft
2 Passengers and crew
3 Background
4 Crash
5 Aftermath
6 Investigation
6.1 Cause
6.2 Recovery of casualties
7 Reactions
7.1 Countries
7.2 Organizations
7.3 Memorials
8 Media coverage
9 See also
10 Notes
11 References
12 External links


Flight 17 was operated with a Boeing 777-2H6ER,[b] serial number 28411, registration 9M-MRD.[25] The 84th Boeing 777 produced, it first flew on 17 July 1997, exactly 17 years before the incident, and was delivered new to Malaysia Airlines on 29 July 1997.[26]Employing two Rolls-Royce Trent 892 engines and configured to carry 282 passengers (35 business and 248 economy), the aircraft had logged more than 43,000 hours of flight time, including 6,950 cycles, before the crash.[26][27]

The Boeing 777 entered commercial service on 7 June 1995; as of June 2014, there were approximately 1,200 aircraft in service with some 340 unfilled orders.[28] Aviation experts say the model has one of the best safety records in commercial aircraft. Only four other 777s have suffered a hull loss: British Airways Flight 38 in January 2008; a cockpit fire in a parked EgyptAir 777-200 at Cairo International Airport in 2011; and Asiana Airlines Flight 214 in July 2013, in which three people died. Malaysia Airlines 777, Flight 370(registration 9M-MRO), went missing on 8 March 2014 and was still being searched for at the time of Flight 17's crash.

Passengers and crew
People on board by nationality[29][30]NationNumber
nationality Australia[31][c][d] 27 1[e]
Belgium 4 1[f]
Canada[g][35] 1 0
Germany 4 0
Indonesia 12 0
Ireland[h] 0 1
Israel[i][36] 0 1
Italy[j][37] 0 1
Malaysia[k][l] 43 0
Netherlands[m] 193 0
New Zealand 1 1[n]
Philippines 3 0
Romania[o][38] 0 1
South Africa[p] 0 1
United Kingdom[q][r] 10 0
United States[s] 0 1
Vietnam[t][39] 0 3
Total 298

All 283 passengers and 15 Malaysian crew died.[40][41][42] About two-thirds of the passengers were from the Netherlands. Authorities initially said there were 295 people on board, having not accounted for three infants.[43][44] By 19 July, the airline had officially determined the nationalities of all 298 passengers and crew.[29] The nationalities are noted in the table to the right. The nationalities declared on boarding the flight and released by the airline are noted in the second column. The third column reports the further nationality of passengers, reported in the second column, who had dual citizenship.

Among the passengers were delegates en route to the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, including Joep Lange, a former president of the International AIDS Society, which organized the conference.[45][46][47] Also on board were Dutch senator Willem Witteveen,[48] Australian author Liam Davison,[49] and Malaysian actress Shuba Jay.[50]

Twenty entire families were on board the aircraft.[51]

On 3 March 2014, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines "stopped flying over Ukraine airspace ... because of security concerns."[52] Later, in April the International Civil Aviation Organization warned governments that there was "the possible existence of serious risks to the safety of international civil flights" over Ukraine. The US Federal Aviation Administration issued restrictions on flights over Crimea just south of MH17's route, and advised airlines flying over the rest of Ukraine to "exercise extreme caution due to the continuing potential for instability."[53][54] Aeroflot, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines and others would continue overflying eastern Ukraine until after MH17 was shot down.[55]

Several Ukrainian military aircraft have also been downed. On 14 June a Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft was shot down on approach to Luhansk International Airport, all 49 people on board died. After that incident, on 29 June, Russian news agencies reported that separatists had access to a Buk missile system after taking control of a Ukrainian air defence base A-1402[56][57][58] (possibly the former location of the 156th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (156 zrp), Ukrainian Air Force). On the same day, the Donetsk People's Republic claimed possession of such a system[57] in a since-deleted tweet.[59] On 14 July a Ukrainian military An-26 transport aircraft flying at 21,000 feet (6,400 m) was shot down, allegedly using a Buk missile system.[60][61] US officials later said evidence suggested the aircraft had been fired on from inside Russian territory.[62] On 16 July another Ukrainian military aircraft, a Sukhoi Su-25 close air support aircraft, was shot down, and Ukrainian government officials accused the Russian military of downing the aircraft with an air-to-air missile fired by a MiG-29 jet in Russia, while a spokesman for Russia's Defence Ministry rejected those accusations as absurd.[63][64][65]

On 1 July Ukrainian officials advised pilots not to fly below 26,000 feet (7,900 m) over eastern Ukraine.[66] On 14 July Ukrainian officials increased that limit to 32,000 feet (9,800 m) over eastern Ukraine.[66]

On 15 July, following his visit to Kiev, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Radosław Sikorski warned about the dangers posed by the continued Russian military support for pro-Russian separatists, especially ground-to-air missiles. "These are mobile rockets whose sale is governed by international rules and they are forbidden from being supplied to non-state groups, because that creates the possibility of the proliferation of these kinds of weapons, which creates a danger to civil aviation around the world," he said.[67] On 17 July Russia closed more than a dozen airways at various altitudes.[68] On the same day an unnamed Associated Press journalist saw a Buk launcher in Snizhne, a town in the Donetsk Oblast, approximately 16 kilometres (10 miles) southeast of the crash site. The reporter also saw seven separatist tanks at a filling station near the town.[69] Also, on 17 July, an unconfirmed phone call between Sergei Nikolaevich Petrovskiy (officer of Main Intelligence Directorate of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chief of Igor Girkin) and a militant took place where they discussed where to unload and place a Buk missile system.[63]

Flight 17 departed from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Gate G03 at 12:14 CEST (10:14 UTC).[70] The aircraft was due to arrive at Kuala Lumpur International Airport 11 hours and 45 minutes later at 06:00, 18 JulyMYT (22:00, 17 July UTC).

According to Malaysia Airlines, MH17 filed an IFR flight plan requesting to fly at a cruising altitude of 35,000 feet (11,000 m), but "upon entering Ukrainian airspace, MH17 was instructed by Ukrainian air traffic control to fly at 33,000 feet".[71] The aircraft entered Ukrainian airspace climbing through 32,000 feet, and climbed to 33,000 feet during its transition across the Kiev flight information region. [72] This was most likely the result of the aircraft undergoing a step climb, with the aircraft not being able to ascend to its filed cruising altitude of FL350 until later on in the flight when it had burned off sufficient fuel; MH17 was not instructed to descend to FL330 from FL350 as initial media reports suggested.

According to the International Air Transport Association, the aircraft was in unrestricted airspace when it lost contact.[73][74]

Malaysia Airlines released a statement saying "it received notification from Ukrainian ATC that it had lost contact with flight MH17 at 1415 (GMT)[u] at 30 km (19 mi) from [the] TAMAK waypoint (47°51′24″N 39°13′6″E[75]), approximately 50 km (31 mi) from the Russia–Ukraine border" (TAMAK Waypoint is on the Russia–Ukraine border [76]) and that "According to information provided by Kiev Air Traffic Control, the location of the plane’s emergency locator beacon is 48 degrees 7 minutes and 23 seconds North; and 38 degrees 31 minutes and 33 seconds East."[77]

The plane crashed near the village of Hrabove just north of Torez, a city in eastern Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast, as it was approaching the Russian border.[9] The moment at which a fireball rose due to the impact was supposedly captured on a video clip.[78]

Flightradar24 reported that a Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-200ER (Flight SQ351) and an Air India Boeing 787-8 (Flight AI113) were each about 25 km (16 mi) away from the Malaysian airliner when it disappeared.[79]

Photographs from the site of the crash show scattered pieces of broken fuselage and engine parts, as well as bodies and passports.[80] Some of the wreckage fell close to houses in Hrabove.[81] Dozens of bodies fell into crop fields, some into houses.[82]

On the evening of 17 July, the portal released the following statement "On July 17 near the village of Rassypnoye over the Torez city in Donetsk region an An-26 transport plane of Ukrainian Air Force was taken down, said the militia. According to them, the plane crashed somewhere near the "Progress" mine, away from residential areas. According to one of the militias, at approximately 17:30 local time an An-26 flew over the city. It was hit by a rocket, there was an explosion and the plane went to the ground, leaving a black smoke. Debris fell from the sky".[83] ITAR-TASS and RIA Novosti had also reported that an An-26 had been shot down by the militia near Torez at around 16:00 local time.[84][85]

US measurement and signature intelligence satellites of the Space-Based Infrared Systems Directorate and the Defense Support Program registered the heat signature of the launch of the missile, the activation of the missile's radar system while in flight to the target (which emits a unique signal), and the infrared signature of the strike when the missile hit flight MH17.[86] Analysis of the launch plume and trajectory suggested the missile was fired from an area between Torez and Snizhne.[62]

The Infrared Space Systems Directorate, part of the United States intelligence agency theNational Reconnaissance Office, is reported to be the source President Obama used to substantiate his claim regarding the origin of the missile[87]

Off-duty coal miners, along with local police and rescue crews, combed through debris searching for bodies.[88]

As a result of the incident, Ukraine closed all routes in the Eastern Ukraine airspace, at all altitudes.[89] The airspace above Donetsk Oblast had been previously closed by Ukraine on 1 July 2014 below 26,000 feet (7,900 m), and on 14 July 2014 below 32,000 feet (9,800 m).[90] Eurocontrol issued a statement in which it explained that at the time of the crash the MH17 was at Flight Level 330 (33,000 feet or 10,060 metres), so the aircraft was above restricted airspace.[89] A few airlines, such as Qantas, Korean Air Lines, and British Airways, had already been avoiding the area for several months because of security concerns.[52][90] Airlines including Aeroflot, Transaero, Air France, Turkish Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Lufthansa, and S7 Airlines announced their intention to make flights bypass Ukraine airspace.[91] The routes in Russian air space, where MH17 would have continued had it not crashed, were closed by Russian air control up to 32,000 feet (9,800 m) just a few hours before the crash (but remained open in higher altitudes).[92]

Shortly after the crash, it was announced that Malaysia Airlines would retire flight number MH17 and change the Amsterdam–Kuala Lumpur route to flight number MH19 from 25 July 2014.[93][94]

On 18 July 2014, shares in Malaysia Airlines had dropped by nearly 16%.[95]

There have been reports that credit and debit cards may have been looted from the bodies of the victims, and the Dutch Banking Association reported that it would take "preventative measures" against possible fraud.[96] There are also accounts of corpses and their possessions being removed and evidence at the crash site being destroyed.[97][98]
External audio Pro-Russian rebels discuss the shooting down of an aircraft Intercepted phone calls, not independently verified, between rebels discussing which rebel group shot down the aircraft and initial reports it was a civilian aircraft. Audio (in Russian) released bySecurity Service of Ukraine with English subtitles.

On the day of the crash, a meeting was convened of the Trilateral Contact Group (consisting of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Ukrainian national government, and Russia). After they had held a video conference with representatives of insurgents affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic (who control the area where the plane crashed), the rebels promised to "provide safe access and security guarantees" to "the national investigation commission" by co-operating with Ukrainian authorities and OSCE monitors.[100] During the first two days of investigation, the militants prevented the OSCE and other international observers from freely working at the crash site. According to the Ukrainian government, the separatists are destroying all evidence of the crime "with the help of Russia", including moving 38 bodies to Donetsk.[101] Andre Purgin, a leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, declared later that "we will guarantee the safety of international experts on the scene as soon as Kiev concludes a ceasefire agreement".[102]

A Ukrainian-led international investigation will examine why the plane crashed. The United Kingdom is sending six investigators from the Air Accidents Investigation Branch to assist.[103] The UK Foreign Office has sent extra consular staff to Ukraine and the Metropolitan Police is liaising with international partners to send specialist officers to the country to assist with the recovery, identification and repatriation of those who died.[103] Australia has sent a 45-member probe panel headed by former Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, who had earlier supervised the MH 370 probe.[104] A senior US administration official said to ABC News that FBI and NTSB officials are poised to head to Ukraine to advise the investigation.[105]

On 18 July, it was reported that the flight recorder had been recovered by separatists.[106] On the same day, the head of Donetsk Regional State Administration, Kostiantyn Batozky, stated that the two black boxes had been found.[107] Rebels said later that two boxes were moved to Donetsk.[108] According to a phone conversation intercepted by Ukrainian intelligence, the militants were given the task of keeping all evidence, including black boxes, away from anyone else.[109]

On 21 July, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said that he had been told by Alexander Borodai, leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, that the black boxes would be handed over to Malaysian authorities.[110]

Both US and Ukrainian officials propose a surface-to-air missile as the most likely cause of the crash.[111] If this is true, it was most likely fired from a mobile Russian-designed Buk missile system, also known as an SA-11 "Gadfly" missile,[112][113] as these are the only surface-to-air missile systems in the area capable of reaching the altitude of commercial air traffic.[114]
Recovery of casualties

A Ukraine Foreign Ministry representative said that the bodies found at the crash site will be taken to Kharkiv for identification, a city 270 kilometres (170 mi) to the north. 247 out of 298 bodies had been found as of 20 July.[115]

On 19 July 2014, Andriy Lysenko, the spokesman of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine said that the insurgents removed 38 bodies from the crash site to extract from the bodies exploded parts of the rocket used to shoot the plane and destroy the evidence.[116]

Al Jazeera reported that the separatist Minister of Health had initially confirmed 38 bodies had been moved to the Donetsk morgue, which the minister subsequently recanted.[117] Bodies were observed being moved, placed inhuman remains pouches, and loaded on to lorries.[118][119][120]

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced his shock about the lack of respect shown to the personal belongings which were reportedly looted. He also initially announced his disgust about the handling of the bodies of the casualties that were reportedly being "dragged around" and "thrown". But he later stated the bodies were handled with more care than originally estimated.[121][122] On 20 July 2014, Ukrainian emergency workers, observed by armed separatists, began loading the remains of the passengers of MH17 into refrigerated railway wagons for transport and identification.[123]

On 21 July, pro-Russian rebels allowed Dutch investigators to examine the bodies. By this time, 272 bodies had been recovered.[124] Remains left Torez on a train on the evening of 21 July, en route for Kharkiv to be flown to the Netherlands for identification.[125][110]

On 21 July, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announced that the Malaysian government had reached a tentative agreement to get back the remains of the Malaysians who died in the crash, following any necessary forensic work.[126]

It was reported on 21 July that with 282 bodies and 87 body fragments found, there were still 16 bodies left unrecovered.[127]
Australia – In an address to the parliament, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said that the aircraft was downed by a missile which seems to have been launched by Russian-backed rebels.[128] Moreover, Julie Bishop, the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs said in an interview on an Australian television programme that it was "extraordinary" that her Russian counterparts have refused to speak to her over the shoot-down after the Russian ambassador was summoned to meet her.[128] The Russian government was critical of Abbott's response, branding his comments as "inappropriate" and an "accusation of guilt based on speculation", as Abbott was one of the first world leaders to publicly connect the shoot-down to Russia.[129] Abbott later criticized the recovery efforts as "shambolic", and "more like a garden clean-up than a forensic investigation", while Bishop publicly warned separatist forces against treating the victims' bodies as hostages.[130]
Canada – Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued a statement saying that he was "shocked and saddened" to have learned of the downing of the flight. He also stated that while it was not clear what caused the crash, the Government of Canada continued "to condemn Russia’s military aggression and illegal occupation of Ukraine, which is at the root of the ongoing conflict in the region."[131] Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird has called for a "credible and unimpeded" international investigation into the crash and called for pro-Russian forces to withdraw from the crash site.[132]
Germany – German Chancellor Angela Merkel demanded a swift, independent inquiry.[133]
Indonesia – Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono asked that whoever shot down the aircraft be punished unequivocally, and offered to help with the investigation.[134]
Malaysia – Malaysian Deputy Foreign Minister Hamzah Zainuddin said that the foreign ministry would be working closely with the Russian and Ukrainian governments with regard to the incident.[135] Prime Minister Najib Razak later said that Malaysia was unable to verify the cause of the crash and demanded that the perpetrators be punished.[136] The Malaysian government has declared to fly the country national flag at half-mast from 18 July until 21 July.[137]
Netherlands – Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and King Willem-Alexander voiced their shock at the crash.[138][139] Minister of Foreign Affairs Frans Timmermans will join the Dutch investigation team sent to Ukraine.[140] Dutch government buildings flew the flag at half-mast on 18 July.[141] Music was cancelled and festivities were toned down during the last, usually festive, day of the Nijmegen Marches.[142] On 21 July Netherlands officially opened war crimes investigation regarding the downing of the aircraft. The country's prosecutor is said to be already located in Ukraine for that purpose. Rutte also threatened tough action against Russia if it would avoid assistance in the investigation.[143]
Romania – Romanian President Traian Băsescu declared himself "appalled" by the tragic event that occurred in Ukraine's airspace and asked for immediate clarification of the circumstances in which the plane crash occurred. He said EU experts should participate in the investigation along with Ukrainian authorities.[144]
Russia – Russian President Vladimir Putin said responsibility for the crash rests with "the country whose airspace the plane was in when it crashed", and that "the disaster wouldn't happen if the military action in south-east of Ukraine was not reenabled".[9][145][146] He further said that it was important to refrain from making any hasty conclusions and politicized statements before the end of the investigation. He said that Russia was ready to provide necessary assistance in organizing and carrying out a thorough international inquiry led by ICAO.[147] On 19 July Russian Ministry of Defence announced "10 questions to the Ukrainian government", repeating accusations earlier published in Russian media.[148][149] Russian citizens brought flowers to the Dutch embassy in Moscow.[150]
South Africa – South African Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Maite Nkoana-Mashabane urged world leaders not to jump to conclusions on the incident.[151] President Jacob Zuma called for independent investigation.[152]
Ukraine – Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko vowed support for a Dutch probe into the crash, which he called an act of terrorism. He offered condolences for the air disaster in a telephone conversation with Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte.[153] Ukrainian citizens brought flowers to the Dutch and Malaysian embassies in Kiev in support.[154][155]
United Kingdom – The British government requested an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council and called an emergency Cobra meeting after the incident.[156][157]

United States – US President Barack Obama said the US would help determine the cause.[9] In a press statement, White House spokesman Josh Earnest called for an immediate ceasefire in Ukraine to allow for a full investigation.[158] Vice-President Joe Biden said the plane appeared to have been deliberately shot down, and vowed US assistance for the investigation into the crash.[146] US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power stated that the flight "was likely downed by a surface-to-air missile, an SA-11, operated from a separatist-held location in eastern Ukraine," that the US could not "rule out technical assistance by Russian personnel" in operating the system, and that "Russia must end this war."[3] President Obama later stated that Russia should "pivot away from the strategy they’ve been taking and get serious about trying to resolve hostilities within Ukraine."[127]
Association of Southeast Asian Nations – ASEAN member states strongly condemn the downing of Flight 17 and called for an independent and transparent investigation into the catastrophe. They also conveyed their profound sorrow and condolences to the families of those on board.[159]
Donbass People's Militia – Pro-Russian rebel commander Igor Girkin was quoted as stating that "a significant number of the bodies weren't fresh", although he stated that he could not confirm the information. He followed up by saying "Ukrainian authorities are capable of any baseness"; Girkin also said that blood serum and medications were found in the plane's remnants in large quantities.[160][161]
European Union – The European Union representatives José Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy released a joint statement calling for immediate and thorough investigation.[162] The EU officials also said that Ukraine has first claim on the plane's black boxes.[163]
International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO declared that it was sending its team of experts to assist the National Bureau of Incidents and Accidents Investigation of Civil Aircraft (NBAAII) of Ukraine, which according to ICAO is the country in charge of the investigation under Article 26 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.[164]
North Atlantic Treaty Organization – NATO said this incident highlighted the fact that the conflict in that area was becoming more dangerous.[165] NATO Secretary General Anders Rasmussen stated, "I am profoundly shocked and saddened by the crash of a Malaysia Airlines passenger aircraft in Ukraine today, with the loss of many lives." After offering his condolences to those affected, he added, "It is important that a full international investigation should be launched immediately, without any hindrance, to establish the facts and that those who may be responsible are swiftly brought to justice."[166]
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe – Chairperson-in-Office and Swiss President Didier Burkhalter expressed "his sincere condolences to the families of the many victims of the shocking crash of the Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 over Ukrainian territory". He also stated that "the OSCE stands ready to support Ukraine in this difficult rescue operation in every possible way."[167]
United Nations Security Council – The U.N. Security Council held an emergency meeting on Ukraine crisis. A British-drafted statement calling for "a full, thorough and independent international investigation" into what caused the crash and stressing the need for "all parties to grant immediate access by investigators to the crash site to determine the cause of the incident" was discussed.[168]
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS – In a press statement, UNAIDS said, inter alia, "It seems that some of the finest academics, health-care workers and activists in the AIDS response may have perished while travelling to take part in the international gathering of experts and advocates...The UNAIDS family is in deep shock. Our hearts go out to the families of all the victims of this tragic crash. The deaths of so many committed people working against HIV will be a great loss for the AIDS response."[169]

Since the crash, memorial services have been held in Australia[170] and the Netherlands, with the Netherlands declaring a national day of mourning.[171] The opening ceremony of the AIDS 2014 conference, of which a number of delegates were on board flight MH17, began with a tribute to the victims of the crash.[172] In Malaysia, makeshift memorials were created in the capital city of Kuala Lampur.[173]
Media coverage

Russian media declared that Ukraine was responsible because of its military actions. Initially, the Kremlin-backed outlet[174] RT (Russia Today) said that the plane was shot down by Ukrainians in a failed assassination attempt on Putin, in a plot which was organized by Ukraine's "Western backers".[175]

Sara Firth, a correspondent with RT, for which she had worked for over the previous five years, quit in protest at the channel's coverage which she described as "shockingly obvious misinformation."[176] RT issued a statement after Firth went public with reasons for her resignation saying, "We were not surprised by Sara Firth's decision to leave RT after five years as a Moscow and London correspondent, as she has recently informed us that she was likely to take an offer from another firm."[177]

On 18 July, The Daily Telegraph, along with other sources,[178][179] reported that the Russian government had modified or deleted information on Wikipedia pages relating to the MH17 incident, to remove statements that it helped provide the missile system used to shoot down the aircraft. Among the pages that were said to have been edited was the Russian version of an article listing civil aviation incidents, to say that "the plane [Flight MH17] was shot down by Ukrainian soldiers".[180]
See also

Aviation portal
Current events portal
Disasters portal

List of airliner shootdown incidents
List of aircraft accidents and incidents resulting in at least 50 fatalities


Jump up^ MH is the IATA designator and MAS is the ICAO designator. The flight is also marketed as KLM Flight 4103 (KL4103) through a codeshare agreement.[6]
Jump up^ The aircraft is a Boeing 777-200ER (for Extended Range) model; Boeing assigns a unique customer code for each company that buys one of its aircraft, which is applied as aninfix in the model number at the time the aircraft is built. The code for Malaysia Airlines is "H6", hence "777-2H6ER".
Jump up^ A total of 36 Australians died in the crash, 28 of whom were citizens (including one dual-Dutch citizen and one dual-Irish citizen), 7 who were permanent residents, and 1 who was a New Zealand citizen resident.[31]
Jump up^ Citizens by state and territory:[32]
Victoria: 10[33][34]
Queensland: 9
Western Australia: 7
New South Wales: 1
Australian Capital Territory: 1
Jump up^ Dual Malaysian-Australian citizen boarding with Malaysian passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Belgian citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Canadaian-Romanian citizen.
Jump up^ Dual Australian-Irish citizen boarding with Australian passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Israeli citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Italian citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Including 15 crew members.
Jump up^ Including 1 dual Malaysian-Australian citizen.
Jump up^ Including:
1 dual Dutch-Belgian citizen;
1 dual Dutch-Hong Konger citizen; (who was not a Chinese citizen)
1 dual Dutch-Israeli citizen;
1 dual Dutch-Italian citizen;
1 dual Dutch-United-States citizen; and
3 dual Dutch-Vietnamese citizens.
Jump up^ Dual UK-New Zealand citizen boarding with UK passport.
Jump up^ Dual Canada-Romanian citizen boarding with Canadian passport.
Jump up^ Dual UK-South-African citizen boarding with UK passport.
Jump up^ Including 1 dual UK-South-African citizen
Jump up^ including 1 dual UK-New Zealand citizen
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-United-States citizen boarding with Dutch passport.
Jump up^ Dual Dutch-Vietnamese citizens boarding with Dutch passports.
Jump up^ The time stated by Malaysia Airlines is erroneous; the correct time should be 13:15 (UTC) or 14:15 (WEST).
Jump up^ The source in the NYT article originates from the Ukrainian Council of National Security and Defense.

Jump up^ US confident surface-to-air missile brought down MH17 - Obama. RT. 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Doomed flight likely downed by pro-Russian separatists; at least 1 American aboard, says Obama". Fox News. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b c Shear, Michael D.; Sengupta, Somini; Tavernise, Sabrina (18 July 2014). "Obama Points to Pro-Russia Separatists in Downing of Malaysia Airlines Plane". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Cloud, David S.; Zeitchik, Steven (18 July 2014). "Pro-Russia separatists probably shot down airliner, U.S. intelligence agencies say". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Missile fired at Malaysian plane: US intelligence". CNBC. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Statement Malaysia Airlines MH17". KLM. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
Jump up^ Malaysian airliner crashes in E. Ukraine near Russian border, over 280 people on board. RT. 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ Vartabedian, Ralph; Hennigan, W.J. (17 July 2014). "High-tech spycraft tracked missile's path to Malaysia Airlines jet".Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b c d e Alexander, Harriet (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines plane crashes on Ukraine-Russia border - live". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 shot down over Ukraine, 298 dead". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Zverev, Anton (17 July 2014). "Malaysian airliner downed in Ukraine war zone, 295 dead". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
Jump up^ de Carbonnel, Alissa (17 July 2014). "Malaysian passenger plane crashes in Ukraine near Russian border -Ifax". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b "MH17 Malaysia plane crash in Ukraine: What we know". BBC News. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
^ Jump up to:a b Leonard, Peter; Chernov, Mstyslav. "Both sides in Ukraine deny shooting down plane". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Jump up^ Polityuk, Pavel; Piper, Elizabeth (19 July 2014). Ireland, Louise, ed. "Ukraine says has "compelling evidence" Russian crew shot down Malaysian plane". Reuters. Archived fromthe original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Ракетним комплексом "Бук", який збив Boeing-777 керували росіяни, - СБУ (Missile complex "BUK", that shot Boeing-777 was managed by Russian citizens) - (leading Ukrainian news agency)". 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ Schofield, Matthew. "Ukraine video claims proof of Russia-supplied anti-aircraft system". Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Jump up^ Beczek, Wiktoria (18 July 2014). "'Mamy dwa Buki, będziemy ich strącać', 'Właśnie trafiliśmy samolot'. Zapisy kolejnych rozmów separatystów" (in Polish). Retrieved 19 July 2014.
Jump up^ "Malaysian plane was shot down by rebels, intercepted phone calls prove, Ukraine's president says". National Post(Associated Press via Postmedia Network). 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
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External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 orHistory of Donetsk Oblast

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, official updates regarding Flight 17
MH17 Passenger Manifest at Malaysia Airlines (official passenger list)
Malaysia Airlines plane MH17 'shot down' in Ukraine – as it happened, The Guardian
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 playback on Flightradar24
MH17 17 July 2014 on FlightAware
Images and videos from Daily News
Images from RT
MH17 Boeing 777 Plane Crash, Ukraine (Jul 2014) - an album on Flickr