Monday, March 17, 2014
Accidents and incidents
There have been three accidents involving passenger fatalities on Malaysia Airlines, with a total of 134 confirmed fatalities:
4 December 1977 - Malaysian Airline System Flight 653, a Boeing 737-200 (9M-MBD) was hijacked and crashed in Tanjung Kupang, Johor, killing all 100 people on board. It remains the deadliest crash of all time in Malaysia to this day.
18 December 1983 - Malaysian Airline System Flight 684, an Airbus A300B4 (OY-KAA) leased from Scandinavian Airlines crashed 2 km short of the runway in Subang on a flight from Singapore. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was written-off.
15 September 1995 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 2133, a Fokker 50 (9M-MGH) crashed during approach in Tawau, Sabah due to pilot error. Of the 53 people on board, 34 were killed.
15 March 2000 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 85, an Airbus A330-300 (9M-MKB) was damaged by a chemical called oxalyl chloride, which leaked from canisters during unloading after its arrival at Kuala Lumpur from Beijing; causing damage to the fuselage. The five-year-old Airbus was sufficiently damaged to be written-off.
1 August 2005 - A Boeing 777-200ER 9M-MRG operating Malaysia Airlines Flight 124 departed Perth for Kuala Lumpur. Climbing through 38,000 feet a faulty accelerometer caused the aircraft's Air Data Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) to command changes of altitude. The flight crew overrode the ADIRU and manually returned to land the aircraft at Perth. Subsequent NTSB investigation led the US FAA to issue emergency airworthiness directive 2005-18-51 on the fly-by-wire software.
8 March 2014 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (9M-MRO) carrying 227 passengers and 12 crew went missing on a flight to Beijing Capital International Airport from Kuala Lumpur International Airport.